Iran Islamic Republic Day

Iran Islamic Republic Day

Farvardin 12
Most Iranians welcomed Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini's campaign to overthrow Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi and install a new theocratic government. Millions greeted him in February 1979, when he returned from 15 years of exile. By the end of the following month, the country was prepared to participate on a national referendum to establish an Islamic Republic based on a new constitution. A large majority voted in favor of the measure on March 30 and 31, leading Khomeini to declare on April 1: "This day of Farvardin 12, the first day of God's government, is to be one of our foremost religious and national festivals."
Iranians congregate throughout the country to celebrate Republic Day, also known as National Day . Past celebrations have included an address by the Iranian president. The largest public gathering takes place in Revolution Square, located in the capital city of Tehran. Thousands wave the national flag and some performers play music with traditional instruments.
The Iranian calendar differs slightly from the Gregorian calendar, which means the date of commemoration also does not line up with its Gregorian counterpart.
CONTACTS:
Iran's Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Imam Khomeini Sq.
Tehran, Iran
SOURCES:
AnnivHol-2000, p. 55
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