Irene


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Irene

(īrē`nē), c.750–803, Byzantine empress (797–802). She served (780–90) as regent for her son, Constantine VIConstantine VI,
b. c.770, Byzantine emperor (780–97), son and successor of Leo IV. His mother, Irene, was regent until 790, when she was deposed by a military revolt. Constantine recalled her in 792 and made her joint ruler.
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, and later was made (792) joint ruler. Devoted to the Orthodox Church, she bent most of her efforts to suppressing iconoclasmiconoclasm
[Gr.,=image breaking], opposition to the religious use of images. Veneration of pictures and statues symbolizing sacred figures, Christian doctrine, and biblical events was an early feature of Christian worship (see iconography; catacombs).
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. In 797 Irene had her son deposed and blinded, and she ascended the throne. Her accession served as pretext for CharlemagneCharlemagne
(Charles the Great or Charles I) [O.Fr.,=Charles the great], 742?–814, emperor of the West (800–814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768–814).
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 to be crowned emperor in 800. Irene was deposed in 802 and died in exile.

Bibliography

See C. Diehl, Byzantine Portraits (1906; tr. 1927).


Irene,

in Greek religion and mythology: see HoraeHorae
, in Greek religion and mythology, goddesses of the seasons; daughters of Zeus and Themis. Although they controlled the recurrence of the seasons, they also attended other gods and had no cults of their own. The number and names of the Horae differed from region to region.
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.

Irene

 

Born circa 752, in Athens; died Aug. 9, 803, on the island of Lesbos. Byzantine empress from 797 to 802. Wife of Emperor Leo IV (ruled 775–780).

After the death of Leo, Irene became regent for her son, Constantine VI, and later ruled with him. A supporter of the icon worshippers, Irene convened an ecumenical council in Nicaea in 787, which temporarily restored icon veneration. In the struggle for power, she blinded her son (797) and succeeded in being proclaimed sole ruler.

In 802, Charlemagne sent an embassy to Byzantium with a marriage proposal for Irene in order to unite both empires; the Byzantine nobles, however, prevented that course of action. Irene was deposed by a court revolt.

Irene

(fl. 3rd century) ministered to St. Sebastian, who was wounded by arrows. [Christian Hagiog.: Hall, 162]
See: Nursing

Irene

goddess of peace and conciliation. [Gk. Myth.: Espy, 21]
See: Peace
References in periodicals archive ?
And Irene hasn't let the tragic loss of her sons slow her down.
They say Irene last entered the UK as a visitor in 2013 and went on to make an application to remain as the spouse of her husband.
If she dies in a year when the exemption amount is $6 million, Irene will have an $11.
Irene won a Lifetime Achievement award at this year's Scottish Education Awards after she was nominated by Jennifer.
Richard, 84, and Irene, 80, were celebrating today with a family meal.
Irene can't help but listen to their insouciant, often inept, conversations and marvel at their youth.
Before Irene returned to school in early January 1920 and Ernest set off for Toronto to work for the Toronto Star, the two spent a couple of days together in Chicago (Brede 2).
Sister Philomena's letter sent Irene into high gear.
She recalls that many years ago, she signed up for a continuing education course given by Irene because she was an avid reader of Irene's columns and had found her writing thought-provoking.
She said: "Somebody out there knows what happened to Irene and who was behind it.