Irene


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Irene

(īrē`nē), c.750–803, Byzantine empress (797–802). She served (780–90) as regent for her son, Constantine VIConstantine VI,
b. c.770, Byzantine emperor (780–97), son and successor of Leo IV. His mother, Irene, was regent until 790, when she was deposed by a military revolt. Constantine recalled her in 792 and made her joint ruler.
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, and later was made (792) joint ruler. Devoted to the Orthodox Church, she bent most of her efforts to suppressing iconoclasmiconoclasm
[Gr.,=image breaking], opposition to the religious use of images. Veneration of pictures and statues symbolizing sacred figures, Christian doctrine, and biblical events was an early feature of Christian worship (see iconography; catacombs).
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. In 797 Irene had her son deposed and blinded, and she ascended the throne. Her accession served as pretext for CharlemagneCharlemagne
(Charles the Great or Charles I) [O.Fr.,=Charles the great], 742?–814, emperor of the West (800–814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768–814).
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 to be crowned emperor in 800. Irene was deposed in 802 and died in exile.

Bibliography

See C. Diehl, Byzantine Portraits (1906; tr. 1927).


Irene,

in Greek religion and mythology: see HoraeHorae
, in Greek religion and mythology, goddesses of the seasons; daughters of Zeus and Themis. Although they controlled the recurrence of the seasons, they also attended other gods and had no cults of their own. The number and names of the Horae differed from region to region.
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.

Irene

 

Born circa 752, in Athens; died Aug. 9, 803, on the island of Lesbos. Byzantine empress from 797 to 802. Wife of Emperor Leo IV (ruled 775–780).

After the death of Leo, Irene became regent for her son, Constantine VI, and later ruled with him. A supporter of the icon worshippers, Irene convened an ecumenical council in Nicaea in 787, which temporarily restored icon veneration. In the struggle for power, she blinded her son (797) and succeeded in being proclaimed sole ruler.

In 802, Charlemagne sent an embassy to Byzantium with a marriage proposal for Irene in order to unite both empires; the Byzantine nobles, however, prevented that course of action. Irene was deposed by a court revolt.

Irene

(fl. 3rd century) ministered to St. Sebastian, who was wounded by arrows. [Christian Hagiog.: Hall, 162]
See: Nursing

Irene

goddess of peace and conciliation. [Gk. Myth.: Espy, 21]
See: Peace
References in periodicals archive ?
Irene, who served as acting head in 2004 and again this year before her retirement yesterday, said: "She was a good student - they were a lovely class, that first class.
And when they tied the knot on March 19, 1955, at the register office in Grange Road, it was a return to a familiar surname for Irene, nee Rowntree, who was brought up using the name "Chapman" for the first five years of her life.
Jena Irene thought the show was amazing since she got to perform with her idols including Hayley Williams, and her duet with Caleb Johnson was also awesome.
My parents were Alfred and Irene May and they lived in Tycoch, Sketty in Swansea where I was born in 1939.
Irene, of Cumnock, Ayrshire, contacted the company but called me in when they would only reduce the bill by PS50.
She was Ernest's "true love," Hemingway's fourth wife Mary Welsh Hemingway wrote of Irene Goldstein (227).
An inquest heard Irene, of Wigston, Leics, had heart problems and mental health issues.
Reconciling the Irene we knew with the Irene of today is challenging.
Irene, who now lives in Washington Grange Care Home, was given the special day out thanks to her activities co-ordinator Mary Smail.
She said: "Somebody out there knows what happened to Irene and who was behind it.
THOUSANDS of holidaymakers on the US east coast have been ordered to head home as Hurricane Irene approaches after pounding the Bahamas.