Irish National Land League


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Irish National Land League

 

an organization of Irish peasants and impoverished urban workers, supported by the progressive circles of the Irish bourgeoisie. The league was founded in 1879 at the initiative of M. Davitt and other petit bourgeois democrats. The organization had about 200,000 members, with branches in the United States. Politically, the Irish National Land League supported a moderate program of home rule. At the same time, the organization ignited a mass struggle among the Irish peasants against the land-lords and English colonial powers, employing to some extent the boycott. The most radical elements of the Irish National Land League proposed the nationalization of the land. Frightened by the dimensions of the agrarian movement, the leader of the Irish National Land League, C. S. Parnell, reorganized it in October 1882 as the Irish National League, in which the agitation against the landlords was subordinated to the struggle for home rule.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Irish National Land League of America was formally established at a convention in New York City in late May 1880 where the recently arrived Michael Davitt addressed the branch delegates.
There is a full account of the huge contributions of Michael Davitt in helping to organize the American Land League upon its founding in May 1880, in spreading the land league message to Irish-American gatherings in Colorado, Montana, Utah, and California, and in forging a united commitment of financial and moral support to the Irish National Land League agitation by three distinct segments of the Irish-American activists, i.
Fearing foreclosure or eviction, thousands of tenants joined the Irish National Land League after October 1879.
The courts established by branches of, the Irish National League were patterned on similar ones established in 1880-1 by some branches of the Irish National Land League.
Brundage argues that craft unionists were key players in Denver's Irish National Land League in the years 1880-83, an organization that did much to ease Catholic-Protestant rivalries among workers and which offered workers the experience of fighting for a cause greater than the confines of a single trade or craft.
Irish insurrection; the Irish National Land League begins policy of "boycotting" rents as protest of evictions; Parnell, M.
The Irish National Land League was set up in Dublin on October 21, 1879, to try and turn the Mayo movement into a national campaign.
The man best known as the founder of the Irish National Land League is, we learn, a much more complex character than we might have initially supposed him to be.
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