Isabella

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Isabella,

1296–1358, queen consort of Edward IIEdward II,
1284–1327, king of England (1307–27), son of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, called Edward of Carnarvon for his birthplace in Wales. The Influence of Gaveston
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 of England, daughter of Philip IVPhilip IV
(Philip the Fair), 1268–1314, king of France (1285–1314), son and successor of Philip III. The policies of his reign greatly strengthened the French monarchy and increased the royal revenues.
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 of France. She married Edward in 1308. Neglected and mistreated by her husband, Isabella nourished hatred for the royal favorites, the Despensers (see Despenser, Hugh leDespenser, Hugh le
, d. 1265, chief justiciar of England. He joined the barons in their struggle against Henry III and received various offices, becoming chief justiciar in 1260. He lost this office in 1261 but was restored to it in 1263.
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), who were responsible (1324) for the confiscation of her estates. In 1325 she was sent to France to negotiate with her brother Charles IV over Gascony. Once there, she ignored royal orders to return to England with her son, the future Edward IIIEdward III,
1312–77, king of England (1327–77), son of Edward II and Isabella. Early Life

He was made earl of Chester in 1320 and duke of Aquitaine in 1325 and accompanied his mother to France in 1325.
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. Becoming the mistress of Roger de MortimerMortimer, Roger de, 1st earl of March,
1287?–1330, English nobleman. He inherited (c.1304) the vast estates and the title of his father, Edmund, 7th baron of Wigmore.
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, later 1st earl of March, she plotted with him to invade England. Their invasion in 1326 was successful. After Edward II was forced to abdicate and Edward III was enthroned early in 1327, Isabella and Mortimer caused the murder of Edward II and began a corrupt rule of England. Finally rebelling against the couple's flagrant misgovernment, Edward III seized power in 1330, had Mortimer executed, and forced Isabella to retire.

Bibliography

See biography by A. Weir (2005).

Isabella

 

an American variety of grapes, a natural hybrid (Vitis labrusca X V. viniferd). In the USSR, Isabella grapes are found in the humid regions of the Georgian SSR, in the Azerbaijan SSR, in Krasnoiarsk Krai, and in the Crimea, and their use is in prospect in the Moldavian SSR (except for the northern regions). This grape variety is relatively resistant to fungus diseases (mildew and oidium), and also to phylloxera. The grapes are black with a slimy pulp and a distinctive smell; they ripen late and are used fresh as well as in wine-making. Isabella grapes are also used as a decorative climber.

Isabella

frustrates captor while pretending compliance. [Ital. Opera: Rossini, Italian Girl in Algeria, Westerman, 118–119]
See: Cunning

Isabella

original name Elizabeth Farnese. 1692--1766, second wife (1714--46) of Philip V of Spain and mother of Charles III of Spain