Sir Isaiah Berlin

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Berlin, Sir Isaiah,

1909–97, English political scientist, b. Riga, Latvia (then in Russia). His family moved to St. Petersburg when he was a boy and emigrated to London in 1921. He was educated at Oxford, where he became a fellow (1932), a professor of social and political theory (1957–67), and president of Wolfson College (1966–75). In The Hedgehog and the Fox (1953), Berlin explored Leo TolstoyTolstoy, Leo, Count,
Rus. Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoi (lyĕf), 1828–1910, Russian novelist and philosopher, considered one of the world's greatest writers.
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's view of irresistible historical forces, and in Historical Inevitability (1954) he attacked both determinist and relativist approaches to history as superficial and fallacious. His other works include Karl Marx (3d ed. 1963), Four Essays on Liberty (1969), Personal Impressions (1980), and the essay collection The Proper Study of Mankind (1997). He was knighted in 1957.


See his Letters, 1928–1946 (2004, ed. by H. Hardy); biographies by J. Gray (1996) and M. Ignatieff (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
In another instance, Wolfe says that Isaiah Berlin "argued that between negative and positive liberty one must choose.
RIGA -- Philosopher Sir Isaiah Berlin, one of the most influential people to have been born in Latvia, is being commemorated with a week long celebration, including debates, documentary film premiers and workshops, which bring together leading academics, economists, historians and thinkers from around the world.
That bestiary comes from the political philosopher Isaiah Berlin, who in 1953 argued that hedgehogs "know one big thing.
It was not Ben-Gurion but rather Sir Isaiah Berlin, the English philosopher and political scientist, who said it.
According to the philosopher Isaiah Berlin, "the words came in short, sharp bursts of precisely aimed, concentrated fire as image, pun, metaphor, parody, seemed spontaneously to generate one another, in a succession of marvelously imaginative patterns, sometimes rising to high, wildly comical fantasy.
non-fiction THE HEDGEHOG AND THE FOX Isaiah Berlin ''THE fox knows many things but the hedgehog knows one big thing.
For Isaiah Berlin, these two beliefs are false, and many of the tragedies that have befallen humanity can be laid at their doorstep.
2) As Isaiah Berlin noted, the victory of the proletariat would in any case be secured by history, "but human courage, determination and ingenuity could bring it nearer and make the transition less painful, accompanied by less friction and less waste of human substance.
As Isaiah Berlin observed, literature is born of conflict.
Popper's thoughts were later echoed by Isaiah Berlin and Friedrich von Hayek.
This distinction was made famous by the political philosopher Isaiah Berlin, who was adapting an observation by the ancient Greek poet Archilochus: "The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing" Foxes are intellectual omnivores obtaining disparate information where they can.
City air makes people free" because it sets up the necessary creative balance between the demands of community and the imperative, as the philosopher Isaiah Berlin put it, that people be able to "choose as individuals how they shall live.