Islamabad


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Islamabad

(ĭs'ləməbäd`, ĭslăm`–), city (1998 pop. 524,500), capital of Pakistan, NE Pakistan, just NE of RawalpindiRawalpindi
, city (1998 pop. 1,406,214), NE Pakistan. It occupies the site of an old village inhabited by the Rawals, a tribe of Yogis. A railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center, the city has an oil refinery, gasworks, an iron foundry, railroad yards,
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, the former interim capital. Construction of Islamabad [city of Islam] as the capital, replacing Karachi, began in 1960. There are light manufacturing industries. Points of interest include Pakistan House, the home of the president; the national assembly building; the National Univ.; the Grand National Mosque; and the botanical gardens. The nearby Murree Hills serve as a summer resort as well as summer headquarters for many diplomatic missions. Also near the city are the historical ruins of Taxila.

Islamabad

 

the capital of Pakistan.

Islamabad is situated on the Potwar Plateau near the foothills of the Himalayas, in a valley at an altitude of 550 m. The city is well sited for transportation and has a good climate, with a temperature maximum of 39°C in July and a minimum of 3°C in January. Islamabad is the center of its own capital district. Population, 100,000 (1970), an increase of 50,000 over 1965.

The decision to build a new capital for Pakistan was taken by the government in 1959, the city plan was ready in 1960, and building commenced in 1961 at a site 28 km from the former capital, Rawalpindi. Layout and construction are being handled by foreign and Pakistani architects from plans produced by the firm of the Greek architect C.A. Doxiadis. Combining the characteristics of a modern European city with local architectural features, Islamabad has a regular layout and is zoned: there are business, government, and diplomatic sections, along with residential neighborhoods with flat-roofed houses of one and two stories, districts of handicraft production and light industry, and a greenbelt area. A hotel, the Scheherazade (Italian architect G. Ponti), and the Grand National Mosque have now been built; construction of the parliament building (Danish architect A. Jacobsen) began in 1972.

Of the city’s scientific and cultural institutions, the Pakistani Atomic Research Institute, the Islamic Studies Institute, and the National Library were functioning in 1971.

Islamabad

the capital of Pakistan, in the north on the Potwar Plateau: site chosen in 1959; surrounded by the Capital Territory of Islamabad for 909 sq. km (351 sq. miles). Pop.: 770 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
It is pertinent to mention here that owing to negligence of district administration security plan for the contingent coming from other districts of the country could not be finalized, which would be finalized when contingent reach in Islamabad.
Islamabad has been polio free since 2008 but the current poor performance and constant influx of population from Peshawar and Rawalpindi has intensified the risk for Islamabad, observe WHO experts.
On the occasion, SSP (Operations) Sajid Kiani, SSP Headquarters Islamabad Mir Vais said that the, SP Headquarters Rana Tahir-ur-Rehman, renowned social worker and singer Shehzad Roy, representatives of parents of children and other police officials were also present.
AKHUND, Economic Affairs Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.
The high commission requested to the foreign ministry to provide appropriate security to the high commission in Islamabad, deputy high commission in Karachi, the residents as well as diplomatic and members of the nondiplomatic staff, sources added.
Tariq ABBAS, Planning & Development Division, Islamabad.
Islamabad -- Business community is playing a vital role in promoting the local economy and Islamabad Police will take every possible measure to address all problems of traders' community.
ISLAMABAD -- Only 15 blood banks in the Federal Capital have valid licenses issued by Islamabad Blood Transfusion Authority (IBTA) while rest are illegally providing bloods to the patients.
ISLAMABAD -- Islamabad Football Association Championship, Monday, kicked off here.
Zamir AHMED Planning & Development Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.
ISLAMABAD -- Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industries (ICCI) and Islamabad Bar Association (IBA) Monday formed a joint committee to discuss the shifting of courts from F-8 Markaz.