Sawm

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Sawm

 

(Turkic, uraza; Persian, ruze), a thirty-day Muslim fast in the month of Ramadan. The sawm derives from the practices of ancient Arab cults. The rules for observing the fast are laid down in the second sura of the Koran. Each day of the fast the Muslim must avoid food, drink, games, and entertainment until dusk. The sawm is obligatory for all believers except children under seven, invalids, pregnant women, travelers, and the insane. If a fast is interrupted by illness or travel, it must be completed at some other time. The month of Ramadan and thus the sawm occur at a different time each year because the Muslim calendar is lunar. In an effort to adapt the observance of the sawm to modern conditions, interpreters of Islamic law have permitted a certain relaxation of the rules governing the fast.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1981 the late Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini declared the last Friday of the Islamic fasting month of Ramadan as "Al-Quds Day," a day of protest to show the importance of Jerusalem to Muslims.
14 step came on the eve of the month-long Islamic fasting period of Ramadan (a holy month which is traditionally a time of relative political calm).
AN e-mail written by a purported al-Qaida leader has warned the terrorist network is preparing to stage devastating attacks against Americans during the Islamic fasting month of Ramadan.
INDONESIA: At least 14 passengers drowned with another 48 still missing when a ferry packed with people heading home to celebrate the end of the Islamic fasting month capsized off Sulawesi island.
INDONESIA: At least 14 passengers drowned when a ferry packed with people heading home to celebrate the end of the Islamic fasting month capsized off Indonesia's Sulawesi island, rescue officials said.
Concern for less privileged and poor is the thrust of Islamic fasting.
This year's heatwave has also coincided with the start of the Islamic fasting month of Ramadan, during which millions of devout Pakistanis abstain from food and drink from sunrise to sunset.
The Islamic fasting month of Ramadan is expected to end on July 27 or 28 in festivities called "Eid'l Fitr," which President Aquino has declared as a non-working national holiday.
Islamic fasting is different from such diet plans because in Ramadan fasting, there is no malnutrition or inadequate calorie intake.
The minister said after the current Islamic fasting month of Ramdan, which in Pakistan will end in the first fortnight of August, the federal government together with provinces would consider how to regulate market hours in the country to save power.
They were cancelled at the last minute in August this year, as the Islamic fasting month of Ramadan approached.
The McDonald's restaurant was crowded at the time of the blast as Thursday marked the eve of Lebaran, the traditional Indonesian festival to mark the end of the Ramadan Islamic fasting month.

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