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(zə-kät`) [Arab.,=purification], Islamic religious tax, one of the five basic requirements (arkan or "pillars") of Islam. All adult Muslims of sound mind and body with a set level of income and assets are expected to pay zakat. Zakat is due yearly on certain types of property and is distributed to eight categories of individuals specified by the Qur'an. These categories are usually defined to include orphans, the poor, travelers, beggars, debtors, slaves, and the efforts to propagate Islam. Zakat is payable, at different rates, on crops, harvests, herds, gold and silver, and merchandise. For gold and silver, which is understood to include all liquid assets, the rate is 2.5%. Being religiously prescribed, zakat is distinct from charity (sadaqa) which is voluntary. Zakat is essentially a personal exercise with no intermediary control, and could be given directly to its recipients, although a central treasury often collects it. In recent times, Pakistan, Sudan, and Saudi Arabia have enacted legislation to enforce the zakat.



(Arabic, ‘‘purification”), a religious “purifying tax” among the Muslims; it is prescribed in the Koran and its size and the rules concerning its use are discussed in the sharia. The zakat was designed for the maintenance of Muhammad and his family and for aid to the poor, travelers, and the participants in the “holy wars1’(jihad). In the feudal Muslim state, the zakat was levied (only from Muslims) on cattle, handicrafts, trade profits, personal money, and precious stones and jewels. Today, the zakat is a voluntary contribution to the Muslim clergy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Currently, corporate tax rates for foreign partners amount to between 25% and 40% of gross profits, while Saudi partners are only required to pay zakat (an islamic tax levied on assets).
Global Banking News-February 23, 2018--Saudi banks concerned by increase in Islamic tax liabilities
Commercial banks in Saudi Arabia are concerned by the increase in Islamic tax liabilities, according to Reuters.
The zakat committee collects and utilizes zakat, an Islamic tax, for the sponsorship of orphans and providing emergency assistance for poor families.
The company,a major mining player in the Middle East which floated in July 2008, attributed the loss to provisions for the Islamic tax of Zakat.
Several ISIL commanders were killed in the June airstrike, including Abu Hareth Al-Shami, Abu Aeshe al-Ansari - an explosives expert - Moroccan national Abu Yousef Al-Jezrawi, Abu Hussein Al-Salmani who was in charge of ISIL's Zakah (an Islamic tax system) issues, and Wa'd al-Latif Jom'eh al-Mohammadi who was in charge of ISIL's suicide operation agents.
He said the forces had been to the area to prevent the Taliban from collecting Ushr, an Islamic tax used to provide social welfare funds, from residents.

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