Philippines

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Related to Islas Filipinas: Philippine archipelago, Las Islas Filipinas

Philippines

Republic of the. a republic in SE Asia, occupying an archipelago of about 7100 islands (including Luzon, Mindanao, Samar, and Negros): became a Spanish colony in 1571 but ceded to the US in 1898 after the Spanish-American War; gained independence in 1946. The islands are generally mountainous and volcanic. Official languages: Filipino, based on Tagalog, and English. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: peso. Capital: Manila. Pop.: 81 408 000 (2004 est.). Area: 300 076 sq. km (115 860 sq. miles)

Philippines

Official name: Republic of the Philippines

Capital city: Manila

Internet country code: .ph

Flag description: Two equal horizontal bands of blue (top; representing peace and justice) and red (representing courage); a white equilateral triangle based on the hoist side represents equality; the center of the triangle displays a yellow sun with eight primary rays, each representing one of the first eight provinces that sought independence from Spain; each corner of the triangle contains a small yellow five-pointed star representing the three major geo­graphical divisions of the country: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao; the design of the flag dates to 1897

National anthem: “Lupang Hinirang,” music from “Mar­cha Nacional Filipina” (Philippine National March) by Julian Felipe; lyrics from poem “Filipinas” by Jose Palma

National motto: “Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan At Makabansa.”

Geographical description: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

Total area: 117,187 sq. mi. (300,000 sq. km.)

Climate: Tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

Nationality: noun: Filipino(s); adjective: Philippine

Population: 91,077,287 (July 2007 CIA est.)

Ethnic groups: Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3%

Languages spoken: Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan

Religions: Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Chris­tian 4.5%, other (including Buddhist) 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1%

Legal Holidays:

All Saints' DayNov 1
Araw ng KagitinganApr 9
Black SaturdayApr 23, 2011; Apr 7, 2012; Mar 30, 2013; Apr 19, 2014; Apr 4, 2015; Mar 26, 2016; Apr 15, 2017; Mar 31, 2018; Apr 20, 2019; Apr 11, 2020; Apr 3, 2021; Apr 16, 2022; Apr 8, 2023
Bonifacio DayNov 30
Christmas DayDec 25
Edsa Revolution DayFeb 24
Good FridayApr 22, 2011; Apr 6, 2012; Mar 29, 2013; Apr 18, 2014; Apr 3, 2015; Mar 25, 2016; Apr 14, 2017; Mar 30, 2018; Apr 19, 2019; Apr 10, 2020; Apr 2, 2021; Apr 15, 2022; Apr 7, 2023
Independence DayJun 12
Labor DayMay 1
Maundy ThursdayApr 21, 2011; Apr 5, 2012; Mar 28, 2013; Apr 17, 2014; Apr 2, 2015; Mar 24, 2016; Apr 13, 2017; Mar 29, 2018; Apr 18, 2019; Apr 9, 2020; Apr 1, 2021; Apr 14, 2022; Apr 6, 2023
National Heroes DayAug 28, 2011; Aug 26, 2012; Aug 25, 2013; Aug 31, 2014; Aug 30, 2015; Aug 28, 2016; Aug 27, 2017; Aug 26, 2018; Aug 25, 2019; Aug 30, 2020; Aug 29, 2021; Aug 28, 2022; Aug 27, 2023
New Year's DayJan 1
New Year's EveDec 31
Rizal DayDec 30

Philippines

discovered by Magellan during his attempted circumnavigation of the globe. [World Hist.: Benét, 618]
References in periodicals archive ?
La importancia del asentamiento espanol en las islas Filipinas merece capitulo aparte.
26) Dicha conjetura recuerda la que el cronista-cosmografo formula para explicar la diversidad etnica y cultural hallada en las islas Filipinas.
No se apoya en la relacion de Plasencia, ni tampoco en la Historia de Ribadeneira, si bien, tematicamente, la higiene personal sirve de materia para el jesuita Chirino, quien describe con detalles pintorescos los banos de los islenos en el capitulo X de su Relacion de las islas Filipinas.
Subraya que se hallan en las islas Filipinas "buenos temples, muchas gentes, mantenimientos y demas cosas convenientes para la vida humana, con muchos minerales de metales ricos[,] .
285; and Antonio de Morga, "Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas, Mexico, 1609" in Blair and Robertson, The Philippine Islands volume 16, p.