Ismet Inönü

(redirected from Ismet Inonu)

İnönü, İsmet

 

Born Sept. 24, 1884, in Izmir; died Dec. 25, 1973, in Ankara. Turkish politician and statesman. Son of a judge; military man by education and profession.

In 1920, İnönü joined the Kemal revolution and soon became one of the closest comrades-in-arms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. He was chief of the general staff and commander of the Western Front. In January and March of 1921, Turkish troops under the command of İnönü (then İsmet Pașsa) won victories over Greek interventionists near the village of İnönü. In 1934, when surnames were introduced in Turkey, he received the name İnönü in honor of the victories.

After the Mudanya Armistice in 1922, he was appointed minister of foreign affairs and head of the Turkish delegation to the Lausanne Conference (1922–23). He was premier from Oct. 30, 1923, to Nov. 1,1937 (with a hiatus from Nov. 20, 1924, to Mar. 3, 1925). In 1932 he visited the USSR.

After the death of Atatiirk (Nov. 10, 1938), İnönü was chosen chairman of the ruling Republican People’s Party (RPP) and president of the republic. He remained in the post until May 1950, after which, as a result of the party’s defeat in parliamentary elections, he headed the opposition in the majlis. From October 1961 to February 1965 he was premier and then again leader of the opposition. On May 8, 1972, he left the post of chairman of the RPP.

WORKS

Siyasî ve içtimaî nutuklar. Ankara, 1933.
İnönü nun söylev ve demeçleri, vol. I. Istanbul, 1946.
References in periodicals archive ?
Former President of Turkey Ismet Inonu had once said: "There is no need for us Turks to work.
Pakistan a target of unjustified attack- Ismet Inonu: Mr Ismet Inonu, Turkey's leader of opposition, said his party believes that Pakistan was the target of an unjustified aggression.
About 11,600 people were exiled to other regions across Turkey, Erdogan said, citing another official document signed by Ismet Inonu, then leader of the CHP and Turkey's second president after Ataturk died in 1938.
Historical documents indicate that some mosques were used as stable or arms depot during the rule of Ismet Inonu, many of them were demolished, and many others were sold.
The memorial tomb is also the final resting place of Ismet Inonu, the second President of Turkey, who was buried here after he died in 1973.
The sailing competition had earlier taken place under the auspices of previous Turkish presidents Ismet Inonu, Celal Bayar, Fahri Koruturk and Turgut Ozal.
Perhaps the founding fathers should have been more militant in their secularism given that they had gotten the state by mobilising a religious identity, like Kemal Ataturk and Ismet Inonu did in Turkey.
who has served as Visiting Scholar in Turkey at both Sabanci University and the Istanbul Technical University, Turkey's Modernization: Refugees from Nazism and Ataturk's Vision is enlightening true story of how the Turkish Government of Mustafa Kernal Atatuk and Ismet Inonu accepted German and Austrian Jews, and took advantage of these victims of racial prejudice and persecution to aid the Turkish Republic's progress in academic, scientific, and medical undertakings.
As the self-confident Turkish delegation was headed by Ismet Inonu, victorious commander in chief, the European powers no longer stuck to dismembering Turkey, but fully endorsed the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne laying down the presently valid borders of the thoroughly "Turkified" country with a bigger surface area than any European country except Russia.
By the early 1970s, the party's leadership had shifted to him from Ismet Inonu.
Only recently has Turkey had political leaders who acted both responsively and responsibly Early in the Republican period, the foremost guardian of the state was Ismet Inonu.
In the end, the intervention from within split Cyprus in two while the outside intervention was not averted by Akritas' friendly military forces but be US President Lyndon B Johnson who issued an ultimatum to Turkish PM Ismet Inonu.