Isogloss


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Isogloss

 

in linguistic geography, a line on a map designating the distributional boundaries of a given linguistic phenomenon (phonetic, morphological, syntactic, lexical). For example, an isoglossal line can be drawn showing the distribution of the word gomonit’ (“to din”) in the meaning of govorit’ (“to talk”) in the southwestern regions of the RSFSR, and for the Indo-Iranian languages it is possible, with the aid of an isogloss, to mark the areas that use enclitic pronouns in a subjective, objective, or attributive function. Along with the general term “isogloss” there are also specific terms such as isophone (an isogloss showing the distribution of a sound) and isosyntagm (an isogloss showing the distribution of a syntactic phenomenon).

References in periodicals archive ?
12) See Pagden for a discussion of similar issues of cultural mobility, centering on the irreducible cultural isogloss of cannibalism, particularly the chapter on the "Principle of Attachment" (17-49).
Perhaps, then, the attempt to define a broad dialect area is unhelpful, as all dialect features will show different distributional patterns, meaning that an isogloss for a dialect region is dependent on which features are selected for analysis, as stated by Davis (2000: 257): "dialect areas are, in large measure, a function of the items one selects, and that changing those items even slightly can result in very different sets of boundaries".
Johnson and Fine's (1985) claim that obscenity functions as a gender isogloss seems overstated in light of available evidence.
23) Starostin (1988:113) gives as an isogloss with the IE words, Proto-East Caucasian *wVtVrV 'child (up to one year old)': Tsakurian vudra 'kid up to one year old', Tsez beduro 'cub', Batzbean bader, Chechen ber 'child' and possibly within a Nostratic etymology (Illifi-Svityc 1967: 337).
The difficulties in the lay out of isoglosses in colonized territories, as the Chilean one, are discussed; several maps related to isogloss patterns tested by Chambers and Trudgill ate analyzed, and isoglosses of other lexical units are established according to the patterns used by Speitel when explaining the distribution of lexical units in the Anglo-scotch frontier.
This fact is an additional complicating factor for assessing the degree of accommodation and for establishing accommodation index because the same feature can be analyzed either as maintenance of UEA isogloss or as influence of fusha.
Here again, the participating Taimyrian languages Forest Enets, Tundra Enets, Nganasan, Dolgan and Evenki behave similarly, but this isogloss stretches further south and east (see Siegl 2013 : 422-424).
John) are two sizeable villages between King's Lynn and Wisbech, lying to the east of an isogloss dividing "linguistic Norfolk"--to the east--from those few villages of Norfolk to the west of the isogloss that share few of the traditional defining characteristics of East Anglian dialects (see Trudgill 2001; Britain 2002).
97 (2)), Kent is outside the area enclosed by the isogloss which marks this change to i- in the map.
At the same time, there are no strong isogloss bundles between areas VI and VII, or between III and IV, which explains the absence of transitional areas between them.
Here the bar charts quantify the sociolinguistic realities to provide a firm basis for a variationist interpretation of the data, establishing with some precision an isogloss that had hitherto only been recognised informally (e.
The isogloss for SVO also embraces Cambodian/Khmer (where the morphology is largely moribund) and Indonesian-Malay and some other Austronesian languages of the area.