Istria


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Istria

(ĭs`trēə), Croatian Istra, mountainous peninsula c.1,500 sq mi (3,900 sq km), in Slovenia and Croatia, projecting into the N Adriatic between the gulfs of Trieste and Fiume. A section of the northwestern portion, including the city of Trieste, belongs to Italy. The area is thickly forested and is predominantly agricultural. PulaPula
, Ital. Pola, city (2011 pop. 57,460), W Croatia, on the Adriatic and at the southern tip of the Istrian peninsula. A major seaport and an industrial center, it has shipyards, docks, and varied manufactures. Captured (178 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information.
 is the chief city and a shipbuilding center. The population is about two thirds Croatian. Istria was inhabited by Illyrian tribes when it passed (2d cent. B.C.) to Rome. It remained under nominal Byzantine rule until the 8th cent. A.D. By that time, Slavs had settled in the rural areas and Italians in the cities. By the 15th cent. Austria and Venice had absorbed, respectively, the northeastern and southwestern parts of the region. The Treaty of Campo Formio (1797) and the Congress of Vienna (1815) added the Venetian part to Austria. In 1919 all Istria passed to Italy, but the Italian peace treaty of 1947 gave most of it to Yugoslavia. The northwestern section passed to Italy in 1954; under the 1975 Osimo Treaty, Italy gave up claims to coastal lands south of Trieste.

Istria

 

an ancient Greek city on the western shore of the Black Sea, in what is now Rumania. Istria was founded by the Milesians in the second half of the seventh century B.C. The inhabitants were farmers, fishermen, and craftsmen and engaged in trading with the neighboring Getae-Thracian and Scythian tribes. It achieved its greatest development in the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. Archaeological finds bear witness to the developed trade relations with the cities of the eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea regions. In the middle of the first century B.C., Istria was ravaged by the Getae, and in 27 B.C. it became part of the Roman Empire. Destroyed by the Goths in the third century A.D., Istria was again restored and existed until the seventh century. By this time, as a result of sand alluvium, the city no longer had an outlet to the sea and thus lost its significance as a trade center. It gradually became deserted.

Excavations have been carried out with interruptions since 1914. Remains of defense walls (fourth century B.C.), temples, particularly the Temple of Aphrodite (fifth century B.C.), thermae (third-fourth century), and dwellings have been uncovered. Istria is an archaeological preserve.

REFERENCES

Konduraki, E. Istriia. Bucharest, 1962.
Blavatskaia, T.V. Zapadnopontiiskie goroda v 7–1 vv. do n.e. Moscow, 1952.

I. T. KRUGLIKOVA

Istria

a peninsula in the N Adriatic Sea: passed from Italy to Yugoslavia (except for Trieste) in 1947 and to Croatia in 1991
References in periodicals archive ?
With the trip drawing to a close, I was keen to go truffle-hunting, when I learnt that these precious fungi can sell for PS2,000 and the second largest white truffle in the world was found in Istria.
Olive oil Croatian olive oils received nine awards at the 2016 New York International Olive Oil Convention, six of which were from Istria.
It can be divided into three major regions: (i) Red Istria--Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Eocene plains (southern and western part of the Istria Peninsula); the term originates from the thick Quaternary deposits of so-called "terra rossa," which overlie the Mesozoic and Tertiary carbonate bedrock; (ii) White Istria--the Cretaceous Eocene carbonate platform and clastic zone (mainly the Ciaarija and Ucka massifs), which have a characteristically imbricated structure; the term originates from the white color of the weathered Cretaceous and Eocene limestone; (iii) Gray Istria--the Eocene flysch basin (northeastern part of the Istria Peninsula).
JAYNE Ludlow says next week's Istria Cup is the perfect test for her Wales Women.
Tonight presenters Angela Scanlon and Joe Lindsay are in Istria in the north of Croatia to show us the sights so you don't need to move from the comfort of your own sofa.
The project is also threatened by a court appeal by environmental organisations Zelena akcija and Zelena Istria together with local people against the environmental permit issued in September 2012 by the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection.
Carinthia, 'Dora Markus', fascista, First World War, homeland, Istria, Montale, Second World War
New services to Eastern/Central Europe include Croatia Airlines (OU/CTN) new twice-per-week connection from FRA to Pula in Istria County on Croatia's northern coast.
But that seemed no more than a dream as I stood on my veranda and gratefully got acquainted with the beautiful weather that would typify my visit to Istria, the peninsula hanging in the Adriatic Sea from the top of Croatia's west coast.
In Croatia, tailor-made travel programmes by the Calvados Club take travellers truffle hunting in Istria, on private fish picnic cruises through Dubrovnik's archipelago and even to one of the best kept secrets of recent history, a war tunnel in Sarajevo.
Located on the western coast of Istria, Rovinj with its pastel-coloured houses clustered together on steep winding streets and topped by a Venetian bell tower is pretty as a picture postcard.
Prescott and Arnold van Gennep, but it gives a convincing explanation of the transitional existence of the people of Istria.