Istria


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Istria

(ĭs`trēə), Croatian Istra, mountainous peninsula c.1,500 sq mi (3,900 sq km), in Slovenia and Croatia, projecting into the N Adriatic between the gulfs of Trieste and Fiume. A section of the northwestern portion, including the city of Trieste, belongs to Italy. The area is thickly forested and is predominantly agricultural. PulaPula
, Ital. Pola, city (2011 pop. 57,460), W Croatia, on the Adriatic and at the southern tip of the Istrian peninsula. A major seaport and an industrial center, it has shipyards, docks, and varied manufactures. Captured (178 B.C.
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 is the chief city and a shipbuilding center. The population is about two thirds Croatian. Istria was inhabited by Illyrian tribes when it passed (2d cent. B.C.) to Rome. It remained under nominal Byzantine rule until the 8th cent. A.D. By that time, Slavs had settled in the rural areas and Italians in the cities. By the 15th cent. Austria and Venice had absorbed, respectively, the northeastern and southwestern parts of the region. The Treaty of Campo Formio (1797) and the Congress of Vienna (1815) added the Venetian part to Austria. In 1919 all Istria passed to Italy, but the Italian peace treaty of 1947 gave most of it to Yugoslavia. The northwestern section passed to Italy in 1954; under the 1975 Osimo Treaty, Italy gave up claims to coastal lands south of Trieste.

Istria

 

an ancient Greek city on the western shore of the Black Sea, in what is now Rumania. Istria was founded by the Milesians in the second half of the seventh century B.C. The inhabitants were farmers, fishermen, and craftsmen and engaged in trading with the neighboring Getae-Thracian and Scythian tribes. It achieved its greatest development in the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. Archaeological finds bear witness to the developed trade relations with the cities of the eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea regions. In the middle of the first century B.C., Istria was ravaged by the Getae, and in 27 B.C. it became part of the Roman Empire. Destroyed by the Goths in the third century A.D., Istria was again restored and existed until the seventh century. By this time, as a result of sand alluvium, the city no longer had an outlet to the sea and thus lost its significance as a trade center. It gradually became deserted.

Excavations have been carried out with interruptions since 1914. Remains of defense walls (fourth century B.C.), temples, particularly the Temple of Aphrodite (fifth century B.C.), thermae (third-fourth century), and dwellings have been uncovered. Istria is an archaeological preserve.

REFERENCES

Konduraki, E. Istriia. Bucharest, 1962.
Blavatskaia, T.V. Zapadnopontiiskie goroda v 7–1 vv. do n.e. Moscow, 1952.

I. T. KRUGLIKOVA

Istria

a peninsula in the N Adriatic Sea: passed from Italy to Yugoslavia (except for Trieste) in 1947 and to Croatia in 1991
References in periodicals archive ?
Istria is famous as a beach destination but it throws up unexpected surprises in its historic towns and is gaining a reputation as a culinary hotspot.
Other resorts in Europe rated as good value are Crete, Istria and Corfu -- all three appear in the top 10 destinations.
The second of the eight race series will be held in Rovinj, a small town located on the western coast of Istria in Croatia on April 12-13.
In addition, there are plenty of opportunities for weekend getaways, as Zagreb is only a few hours by car from Vienna, Budapest, northern Italy and spectacular coastal destinations within Croatia, such as Istria and Split.
Prices are still below Dubrovnik and certain well known Italian destinations but well above others such as Split and Istria in Croatia, and Calabria in Italy.
The project is also threatened by a court appeal by environmental organisations Zelena akcija and Zelena Istria together with local people against the environmental permit issued in September 2012 by the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection.
A small fishing village in the northern region of Istria located in the Adriatic coast, this location features historic walls and medieval urban plan as the perfect backdrop of warring clans.
The country's Adriatic coastline, from the hills of Istria in the north to the medieval city of Dubrovnik in the south, has become a magnet for some 10 mln tourists every year.
None of these encounters were the result of special intelligence, although an ULTRA dispatch dated 4 August had disclosed the sailings of Rondine and Istria.
New services to Eastern/Central Europe include Croatia Airlines (OU/CTN) new twice-per-week connection from FRA to Pula in Istria County on Croatia's northern coast.
New services to Eastern/Central Europe include Croatia Airlines (OU/CTN) new twice-per-week connection from FRA to Pula (PUY) in Istria County on Croatia's northern coast (http://www.