Lock, MR, El-Aasser, MS, Klein, A, Vanderhoff, JW, "Role of Itaconic Acid
in Latex Particle Nucleation.
production by immobilized Aspergillus terreus with varied metal additions.
The LCST values of IE and IB polymers containing itaconic acid
, which is a dicarboxylic acid monomer, are higher than the LCST values of ME and MB polymers containing methacrylic acid, which is a monocarboxylic acid monomer.
In contrast, itaconic acid
does not oligomerize with itself but instead is believed to copolymerize readily with other monomers (i.
In all the cases AAm, itaconic acid
, MBA and APS were dissolved in water separately, and then mixed.
TABLE 31 CONSUMPTION OF ITACONIC ACID
BY APPLICATION, 2008 (1,000 METRIC TONS) 49
MSA (99%) was synthesized by catalytic hydrogenation of itaconic acid
according to the literature .
However, some properties such as adhesivity and compatibility can be improved by incorporating functionalizing water-soluble monomers in the shell (14-17), such as acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, itaconic acid
(IA), n-isopropyl acrylamide, and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, among others (18), (19).
com/reports/c78232) has announced the addition of "Production and Market of Itaconic Acid
in China" to their offering.
Acrylamide (AM, Siam Chemicals, Bangkok, Thailand), itaconic acid
(IA, Merck, Hohenbrunn, Germany), N, N'-methylenebisacrylamide (N-MBA, Fluka, Buchs, Switzerland), ammonium persulfate (APS, Merck, Hohenbrunn, Germany), N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (TEMED, Fluka, Buchs, Switzerland), and silica (Si[O.
Organic acids (citric acid, itaconic acid
, lactic acid)
The stimuli responding properties of PNIPA hydrogels can be modified in several ways, including the copolymerization of NIPA with comonomers, such as acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and itaconic acid
(10-12), and the alteration of medium properties by adding surfactants, salts, or cosolvents (13-15).