Salò Republic

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Salò Republic

 

a fascist puppet regime established in Italy in September 1943, during World War II, when Italy was occupied by fascist German troops.

Mussolini was the head of the Salò Republic, whose official name was the Italian Social Republic. The chief ministries were located in the city of Salò. The main tenets of fascist policy were set forth in what was called the Verona Charter of November 1943, which contained numerous demagogic anticapitalist promises. The actual policies pursued by the rulers of the republic were to subordinate the country completely to Hitlerite Germany. The Salò Republic came to an end with the antifascist April Uprising of 1945, in which the leaders of the puppet regime, including Mussolini, were executed by partisans.

References in periodicals archive ?
A heated debate began in 2008 over whether or not to grant "combatant" status to the defenders of the Italian Social Republic (RSI).
Although Marco fights for the Italian Social Republic and Mussolini to the very end of the war, he does not join the Black Brigades out of any Fascist convictions.
Written in the midst of the purges, this was a passionate call to suspend judgment against the young defenders of the Italian Social Republic.
Marco takes terrible risks in combat, is wounded, and is then elevated in rank and reputation by the Italian Social Republic.
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