Itzá

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Itzá

(ētsä`), MayaMaya
, indigenous people of S Mexico and Central America, occupying an area comprising the Yucatán peninsula and much of the present state of Chiapas in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, parts of El Salvador, and extreme western Honduras.
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 of YucatánYucatán
, peninsula, c.70,000 sq mi (181,300 sq km), mostly in SE Mexico, separating the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico. It comprises the states of Yucatán, Campeche, and Quintana Roo, Mexico; the country of Belize; and part of Petén, Guatemala.
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 (Mexico) and PeténPetén
, region, c.15,000 sq mi (38,850 sq km), N Guatemala. A humid expanse of dense, tropical hardwood forests interrupted by savannas and crisscrossed by ranges of hills, it is related geographically to SE Mexico and Belize rather than to the rest of Guatemala.
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 (Guatemala). Probable founders of Chichén ItzáChichén Itzá
, city of the ancient Maya, central Yucatán, Mexico. It was founded around two large cenotes, or natural wells. According to one system of dating, it was founded c.
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, which they occupied at various times from c.514 to 1194, they moved (1450?) S from Campeche to Lake Petén. Here, in spite of sporadic attempts by the Spanish to convert or subdue them after the visit of Cortés in 1525, the Itzá (the last strong, independent Mayan tribe) remained until driven from their capital, Tayasal, in 1697.
References in periodicals archive ?
Not everything at Chichen Itza, though, revolved around cultic practices.
While the most prominent cenote at Chichen Itza is a large, open, circular pool, Tulum's "hidden" cenote is accessed through a small gash in the limestone.
Begun in 1924 under the supervision of Sylvanus Morley excavations at Chichen Itza were marked by controversy from the beginning.
Surrounded by dense rainforest, Chichen Itza sits in the north central part of the Yucatan, about 75 miles east of the stale capital of Merida.
Mexicans are beaming about the recent designation of the Chichen Itza Mayan temple city as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World in July, but the reaction is mixed on the impact that an expected surge in visitors will have on the fragile site.
Les autres sites et lieux retenus parmi les nouvelles merveilles du monde sont le ColisE[umlaut]e de Rome, le Taj Mahal en Inde, la statue du Christ rE[umlaut]dempteur qui surplombe la ville brE[umlaut]silienne de Rio de Janeiro, la pyramide mexicaine Chichen Itza, et le Machu Picchu au PE[umlaut]rou.
Brazil's Statue of Christ Redeemer, Peru's Machu Picchu, and Mexico's Chichen Itza pyramid were selected alongside the Great Wall of China, Jordan's Petra, the Colosseum in Rome and India's Taj Mahal.
Nearby Mayan era wonders include Chichen Itza, the most popular excursion from Cancun, and the closer Tulum, Mexico's only extant beachfront ruins.
Chichen Itza It's not Thanksgiving dinner, but Yucatecan cuisine is famous for turkey dishes like salbutes, or turkey tostadas.
The famous Mayan ruins at Chichen Itza are considered one of the top 50 places in the world to visit and it's easy to see why.
Most memorable experience: "Finally making it to the top of Chitchen Itza (the steep pyramid called Kukulkan or El Castillo), which is one of the biggest sites in Mexico," she said.
Mystery and ruins rise like steam off the jungle at Chichen Itza, one of the most picturesque and historically significant archaeological sites in Mexico.