Ivan Fedorovich Shmalgauzen
Shmal’gauzen, Ivan Fedorovich
Born Apr. 3 (15), 1849, in St. Petersburg; died Apr. 7 (19), 1894, in Kiev. Russian botanist. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1893). Father of 1.1. Shmal’gauzen.
I. F. Shmal’gauzen graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1871. He was a professor at the University of Kiev from 1879. His main works dealt with paleobotany and floristics. Shmal’gauzen was the author of Flora of Southwestern Russia (1886), Flora of Middle and Southern Russia, the Crimea, and the Northern Caucasus (vols. 1–2, 1895–97), and a number of monographs devoted to fossil plants of the Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Jurassic, and Tertiary periods. These works played a major role in the development of Russian paleobotany.