Ivan

(redirected from Ivana)

Ivan

A Diana-like language making up part of VHDL.

["VHDL - The Designer Environment", A. Gilman, IEEE Design & Test 3, (Apr 1986)].

Ivan

 

the name of several tsars and rulers of Bulgaria.

Ivan Asen’ II Bulgarian tsar (ruled 1218–41), son of Tsar Asen’ I.

After the death of Kaloian, Ivan Asen’ II fled to Galician and Volynian Rus’. In 1218 he overthrew Tsar Boril with the help of Russian troops. Under his rule the economic and political position of Bulgaria improved significantly. The minting of money was begun, and a commercial treaty was concluded with Dubrovnik (1230). An alliance was also made with the Hungarians. For a time he was able to establish hegemony over the Balkans. Breaking the ecclesiastical union with the papacy, he reestablished the Bulgarian partriarchate (1235) with the support of the Nicaean emperor John Vatatzes. He also laid siege to Constantinople in that year but was unsuccessful.

Ivan Alexander Bulgarian tsar (ruled 1331–71) of the Shishman dynasty.

Despot of the Lovcha region, Ivan Alexander seized power with the support of the great feudal lords. During his reign there was an increase in foreign trade (treaty concluded with Venice in 1352), and the country’s culture flourished. Ivan Alexander established peaceful relations with Walachia and Serbia. Taking advantage of Byzantium’s difficulties, he defeated its armies at Rosokastro (July 18, 1332) and seized a number of territories, including Philippopolis. In 1363 he concluded an anti-Byzantine alliance with the Turks. This period also witnessed the division of Bulgaria into the kingdoms of Vidin and Túrnovo.

Ivan Sratsimir (also I. Stratsimir). Year of birth unknown; died after 1396. Ruler of the Vidin Kingdom (1363–65, 137096). Son of Ivan Alexander.

Breaking with the kingdom of Turnovo and the Bulgarian patriarch, Ivan Sratsimir subordinated the Vidin church to the patriarch of Constantinople. After 1388 he was a vassal of the Turkish sultan.

Ivan Shishman Year of birth unknown; died June 3, 1395, in Nicopolis. Ruler, until 1393, of the kingdom of Túrnovo.

Ivan Shishman was a vassal of the Turkish sultan. His attempt to free himself from Turkish dependence after the victory of the Serbs over the Turks at Plotnik (1386) ended in failure.

REFERENCE

Irechek, K. “Bulgarskii tsar Sratsimir Vidinski.” Periodichesko spisanie na Bulgarskoto knizhovno druzhestvo, 1882, vol. 1.

S. A. NIKITIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Owner Ivana Szelenyiova opened the Massage Clinic last October, offering a range of therapeutic treatments to help people suffering from health issues such as stress, headaches and depression.
After winning the Rising Star award in Chicago, IL (CIFF) and Best International Short in Columbus, GA (AYFF) Unofficial: JUDO, the second film of the 12 year old Belgian director Ivana Noa will be shown at Williamsburg International Film Festival on Saturday.
Panna opened two years ago and is run by Peter Barboriak and Ivana Borosova, from Slovakia, who have been together 12 years and came to the UK in 2004.
Ivana Milchanska, 22, was among 16 finalists contesting The Irish Times' Amateur Photographer of the Year Awards 2015.
Ivana Mucalov, the main organiser of the event and student at Modern College of Business and Science, said, "As a group of 20-year-olds working on this project, we understand the importance of accepting children with various disabilities in Oman.
In the end, it was the 17- year- old Ivana Jorovic, whose aggressive approach and retrieval ability earned her a maiden ITF $ 50,000 title at the QNET Open on Saturday.
Ivana Ruddock, who co-founded the organisation alongside the late Jock Ruddock, has travelled from New Zealand to Northumberland to hold an Equine Touch course and speak at the foundation's conference.
She just started collecting and collecting," said her daughter, Ivana.
Mrs Verma's daughter, Ivana Hackman, said she had received a call from staff at Sunrise at about 1.
Halstead Property announced the return of Ivana Tagliamonte as executive vice president at the Village office.
New York, May 19 (ANI): Businesswoman Ivanka Trump's accused stalker has revealed that he is over her and that he is now moving on to his next target - her mother Ivana Trump.
Summary: Sisqo, Stephen and Ivana are all up for eviction from Celebrity Big Brother after Lady Sovereign's departure from the house.