Ivittuut

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Ivittuut

(ē`vĭtto͞ot) or

Ivigtut

(ē`vĭgto͞ot), town, SW Greenland, on the Arsuk Fjord. The world's largest known cryolite deposit was discovered there in 1806. Mined since 1864, the deposit has been recently exhausted; stockpiled cryolite has been exported since 1969. The town is now deserted.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anxious to safeguard its supply of cryolite (essential for the manufacture of aluminum) from the mine at Ivigtut, the United States government readily agreed and dispatched James Penfield, the first United States consul to Greenland.
Thereafter Nanok spent the rest of the summer and the fall hauling freight (and sometimes towing a scow) up and down the Greenland coast to and from such locations as Bluie West 3 (Marrak Point, near Fiskenaesset, now Qeqertarsuatsiaat), Arsuk, Ivigtut, Julianehab (now Qaqortok), Bluie West 8 (Sondre Stromfjord, now Kangerlussuaq), Bluie East 2 (Comanche Bay or Pikiutdleq) and Bluie East 1 (Angmagssalik).
Well-formed crystals of cryolite are exceedingly rare and were essentially known only from a single locality, Ivigtut, in South Greenland (Krenner, 1883; Boggild, 1953; Petersen, 1993), until their discovery in 1975 in the Francon quarry (Sabina, 1976, 1979).
Unlike the better-known Ivigtut crystals, which appear pseudocubic with dominant {110} prisms and well developed {001} pinacoids, the only habit of Francon quarry crystals is dipyramidal (pseudo-octahedral).
The two remaining planes made a circuitous crossing of the Atlantic with stops at Hornafjord and Reykjavik, Iceland; Frederiksdal and Ivigtut, Greenland; and Indian Harbor, Labrador; Hawkes Bay, Newfoundland; and Pictou, Nova Scotia, Canada.
The output for 1990 reached only 6,500 t from the last batch of stockpiled ore from Ivigtut.
At the end of the year, renewed interest for further development of the cryolite deposit at Ivigtut was expressed by an application for a concession made by the municipality of Ivittuut.
Sinkankas then enlisted in the Naval Aviation Reserve and became a qualified pilot, serving in many locations around the world and taking time to do a little mineral collecting at places like Ivigtut, Greenland as opportunities arose.
Thomsenolite is a relatively rare mineral, known most notably from Ivigtut, Greenland (type locality) and also from lesser-known occurrences in Colorado, Utah, Norway, Ukraine, Russia and Nigeria.
The tabular morphology is markedly different from the well-known columnar crystals with steep pyramidal faces found at Ivigtut, but is similar to the tabular crystals reported from Miask, Ilmen Mountains, Russia (Boggild, 1913) and Gjerdingen, Oslo Region, Norway (Raade and Haug, 1980).
Farther afield, these minerals are also present in the cryolite deposits of Ivigtut, Greenland (Petersen and Secher, 1993) and at Miass (Miask) in the Ural Mountains of Russia (Palache et al.
Chiolite has been reported from Ivigtut, Greenland, as irregularly bounded grains up to 10 cm (Petersen and Secher, 1993) in cryolite.