Iwo Jima


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Related to Iwo Jima: Guadalcanal

Iwo Jima

(ē`wō jē`mə, ē`wô), officially

Iwo To

(tō), volcanic island, c.8 sq mi (21 sq km), W Pacific, largest and most important of the Volcano IslandsVolcano Islands,
Jap. Kazan-retto, island group, c.11 sq mi (30 sq km), W Pacific. The group consists of three islands, of which Iwo Jima (Iwo To) is the most important. The highest peak (3,181 ft/970 m) is on Minami-iwo-jima.
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. Mt. Suribachi, 546 ft (166 m) high, on the south side of the island, is an extinct volcano. The main industries were formerly sulfur mining and sugar refining, but since World War II the island has been a military base. During the war Iwo Jima was the site of a Japanese air base, and it was taken (Feb.–Mar., 1945) by the United States at great cost to U.S. and Japanese forces. A photograph of U.S. marines raising the flag over Mt. Suribachi, which they called Meatgrinder Hill, is one of the most famous images of the war. Iwo Jima was occupied by the U.S. until 1968, when it was returned to Japan. Historically known to its residents as Iwo To, the island was called Iwo Jima by the Japanese navy officers who fortified it during World War II; both names mean Sulphur Island. The island was officially renamed Iwo To in 2007.

Iwo Jima

 

an island in the East China Sea, one of the northernmost Ryukyu Islands. Iwo Jima is a possession of Japan. The active Iwo Jima volcano, which is more than 701 m high, is located on the island. There are sulfur deposits.

Iwo Jima

inspiring American triumph in the Pacific (1945). [Am. Hist.: Leonard, 472–480]
See: Battle

Iwo Jima

an island in the W Pacific, about 1100 km (700 miles) south of Japan: one of the Volcano Islands; scene of prolonged fighting between US and Japanese forces until taken by the US in 1945; returned to Japan in 1968. Area: 20 sq. km (8 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
As March gave way to April, the anticipation among the American pilots stationed on Iwo Jima reached its highest point since their arrival.
Barrett spent a month on a ship, sailing from Hawaii to Asia and making preparations for Iwo Jima as part of the 5th Marine Division's 27th regiment.
Whenever you go to Iwo Jima, you actually have to work for it.
ART ATTACK: Cpl Christian Boult proudly displays his picture commemorating the Battle of Iwo Jima
Story and photo by MC2 Zane Ecklund, USS Iwo Jima (LHD 7).
Subsequent chapters cover the preparations of both sides prior to the battle: amphibious exercises on the smaller Hawaiian Islands for the Marines, and General Tadamichi Kuribayashi's defensive preparations on Iwo Jima.
In addition Battlefield 1943 has updated three tropic locations: Wake Island, Guadalcanal and Iwo Jima, with the DICE Frostbite engine.
Cretz likened the raising of the American flag, near a humble two-storey building at Ben Ashur area, an upscale section of Tripoli, to the raising of the American flag over Iwo Jima in Japan after a battle that lasted from 19 February to 26 March 1945.
Iwo Jima was considered home territory by the Japanese and, when civilians occupied the island, it had been governed as part of the prefecture of Tokyo.
Lee believes the five-time Oscar winner failed to include black soldiers in his war epics Flags of our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima.
The momentum of the action during the six-week battle for Iwo Jima in 1945 creates an unforgettable impression.
Doc Bradley, Rene Gagnon and Ira Hayes are three survivors of the six-man team that raised the flag following the Battle of Iwo Jima.