Iwo Jima


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Iwo Jima

(ē`wō jē`mə, ē`wô), officially

Iwo To

(tō), volcanic island, c.8 sq mi (21 sq km), W Pacific, largest and most important of the Volcano IslandsVolcano Islands,
Jap. Kazan-retto, island group, c.11 sq mi (30 sq km), W Pacific. The group consists of three islands, of which Iwo Jima (Iwo To) is the most important. The highest peak (3,181 ft/970 m) is on Minami-iwo-jima.
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. Mt. Suribachi, 546 ft (166 m) high, on the south side of the island, is an extinct volcano. The main industries were formerly sulfur mining and sugar refining, but since World War II the island has been a military base. During the war Iwo Jima was the site of a Japanese air base, and it was taken (Feb.–Mar., 1945) by the United States at great cost to U.S. and Japanese forces. A photograph of U.S. marines raising the flag over Mt. Suribachi, which they called Meatgrinder Hill, is one of the most famous images of the war. Iwo Jima was occupied by the U.S. until 1968, when it was returned to Japan. Historically known to its residents as Iwo To, the island was called Iwo Jima by the Japanese navy officers who fortified it during World War II; both names mean Sulphur Island. The island was officially renamed Iwo To in 2007.

Iwo Jima

 

an island in the East China Sea, one of the northernmost Ryukyu Islands. Iwo Jima is a possession of Japan. The active Iwo Jima volcano, which is more than 701 m high, is located on the island. There are sulfur deposits.

Iwo Jima

inspiring American triumph in the Pacific (1945). [Am. Hist.: Leonard, 472–480]
See: Battle

Iwo Jima

an island in the W Pacific, about 1100 km (700 miles) south of Japan: one of the Volcano Islands; scene of prolonged fighting between US and Japanese forces until taken by the US in 1945; returned to Japan in 1968. Area: 20 sq. km (8 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Graves Erskine, commander of the Third Marine Division on Iwo Jima, summed up the battle afterward by noting that "Victory was never in doubt.
To have a dozen or more Iwo Jima veterans here on this special day will be amazing.
Whenever you go to Iwo Jima, you actually have to work for it.
Lions of Iwo Jima is a valuable addition to the historiography of World War II in general and the Marine Corps in particular.
Their names are inscribed on a glass wall in the "Suribachi Room," a museum on board the USS Iwo Jima dedicated to honoring the memory and bravery of those who went before us.
In ancient times Iwo Jima had been formed by the eruption of a volcano with the lava flowing northwards.
LETTERS FROM IWO JIMA (FRIDAY, SKY MOVIES PREMIERE, 11.
Although the Battle of Iwo Jima was overwhelmingly fought and won by the Marines, other branches of service played a part in operations.
The next logical step was to send a team to Iwo Jima to investigate the hill.
It's best to watch them both, as they deal with the same events - the 1945 battle for the barren Japanese island of Iwo Jima - from different sides.
Portraying life from the underdog's viewpoint makes the Oscar-nominated Iwo Jima a particularly timeless war movie.
The battle of Iwo Jima seems to be enjoying a rebirth of interest among scholars and the American public.