Iwo Jima

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Iwo Jima

(ē`wō jē`mə, ē`wô), officially

Iwo To

(tō), volcanic island, c.8 sq mi (21 sq km), W Pacific, largest and most important of the Volcano IslandsVolcano Islands,
Jap. Kazan-retto, island group, c.11 sq mi (30 sq km), W Pacific. The group consists of three islands, of which Iwo Jima (Iwo To) is the most important. The highest peak (3,181 ft/970 m) is on Minami-iwo-jima.
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. Mt. Suribachi, 546 ft (166 m) high, on the south side of the island, is an extinct volcano. The main industries were formerly sulfur mining and sugar refining, but since World War II the island has been a military base. During the war Iwo Jima was the site of a Japanese air base, and it was taken (Feb.–Mar., 1945) by the United States at great cost to U.S. and Japanese forces. A photograph of U.S. marines raising the flag over Mt. Suribachi, which they called Meatgrinder Hill, is one of the most famous images of the war. Iwo Jima was occupied by the U.S. until 1968, when it was returned to Japan. Historically known to its residents as Iwo To, the island was called Iwo Jima by the Japanese navy officers who fortified it during World War II; both names mean Sulphur Island. The island was officially renamed Iwo To in 2007.

Iwo Jima

 

an island in the East China Sea, one of the northernmost Ryukyu Islands. Iwo Jima is a possession of Japan. The active Iwo Jima volcano, which is more than 701 m high, is located on the island. There are sulfur deposits.

Iwo Jima

inspiring American triumph in the Pacific (1945). [Am. Hist.: Leonard, 472–480]
See: Battle

Iwo Jima

an island in the W Pacific, about 1100 km (700 miles) south of Japan: one of the Volcano Islands; scene of prolonged fighting between US and Japanese forces until taken by the US in 1945; returned to Japan in 1968. Area: 20 sq. km (8 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The government hopes to step up the search on Iwoto Island, where the remains of only half of the 22,000 war dead have been retrieved so far.
TOKYO - Prime Minister Naoto Kan said Tuesday the remains of possibly 822 Japanese soldiers have been found on Iwoto Island in fiscal 2010, the largest number in 40 years.
TOKYO - The Japanese government held a commemorative ceremony Thursday on Iwoto Island, where more than 20,000 Japanese soldiers died during World War II.
On Iwoto Island, about 1,200 kilometers south of Tokyo, the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan successfully observed the first total solar eclipse visible on Japanese soil in 46 years and public broadcaster NHK showed it live.
Teruya told a press conference that the project team will seek other relocation sites, including Guam, saying he found after an on-site survey that the living environment on Iwoto, administered by the Tokyo metropolitan government, was ''too tough.
The 12-member party, which forms the tripartite coalition with Hatoyama's Democratic Party of Japan and the smaller People's New Party, called for an immediate closure and return of the land used for the Marines' airstrip as well as its relocation to Iwoto Island or Guam.
Later in the day, a group of ruling lawmakers elected from Okinawa requested to Kitazawa that heliport functions of the Futemma air station be moved to Iwoto Island, about 1,200 kilometers south of Tokyo, which was formerly occupied by the United States when it was still known as Iwojima.