Jack Kerouac


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Kerouac, Jack

(John Kerouac) (kĕr`əwăk'), 1922–69, American novelist, b. Lowell, Mass., studied at Columbia. One of the leaders of the beat generationbeat generation,
term applied to certain American artists and writers who were popular during the 1950s. Essentially anarchic, members of the beat generation rejected traditional social and artistic forms.
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, a term he is said to have coined, he was the author of the largely autobiographical novel On the Road (1957), widely considered the testament of the beat movement. Frequently employing idiosyncratically lyrical language, Kerouac's writings reflect a frenetic, restless pursuit of new sensation and experience and a disdain for the conventional measures of economic and social success. Among his other works are the novels The Subterraneans (1958), The Dharma Bums (1958), Big Sur (1962), and Desolation Angels (1965); a volume of poetry, Mexico City Blues (1959); and a volume describing his dreams, Book of Dreams (1961). By the time he died of complications of alcoholism he had written more than 25 books.

Bibliography

See H. Cunnell, ed., On the Road: The Original Scroll (2007) and M. Phipps-Kettlewell, ed., Jack Kerouac: Collected Poems (2012); D. Brinkley, ed., Windblown World: The Journals of Jack Kerouac, 1947–1954 (2004); A. Charters, ed., Jack Kerouac: Selected Letters, 1940–1956 (1995) and Jack Kerouac: Selected Letters, 1957–1969 (1999) and B. Morgan and D. Stanford, ed., Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg: The Letters (2010); H. Weaver, The Awakener: A Memoir of Kerouac and the Fifties (2009); biographies by A. Charters (1973), B. Gifford and L. Lee (1978, repr. 1994), D. McNally (1980), G. Nicosia (1988), and B. Miles (1998); studies by T. Hunt (1981), R. Weinreich (1986), I. Gewirtz (2007), J. Leland (2007), P. Maher, Jr. (2007), and B. Morgan (2010).

Kerouac, Jack

 

Born Mar. 12, 1922, in Lowell; died Oct. 21, 1969, in St. Petersburg, Fla. American writer.

Kerouac’s novel On the Road (1957) reflects the characteristic features of a certain element of American youth of the 1950’s called beatniks. His novel Big Sur (1962) portrays the crisis of the anarchistic behavior of the beatniks. Kerouac’s novels, such as The Subterraneans (1958) and The Dharma Bums (1958), are loosely composed, characterized by an episodic plot and impressionistic description. Kerouac’s outlook combined irresponsible hedonism with a mixture of Buddhism and Christianity.

WORKS

Doctor Sax. New York, 1959.
Lonesome Traveler. New York, 1960.
Desolation Angels. New York, 1965.
Satori in Paris. New York, 1966.
Vanity of Duluoz. New York, 1968.
In Russian translation:
Na Doroge. [Excerpts.] In. Lit-ra, 1960, no. 10.

REFERENCES

Levidova, I. “Neprikaiannye dushi.” Voprosy literatury, 1960, no. 10.
Morozova, T. L. Obraz molodogo amerikantsa ν literature SShA. Moscow, 1969.
Charters, A. A Bibliography of Works by Jack Kerouac. New York [1967].

Kerouac, Jack (b. Jean Louis Lebris de Kerouac) (Jean-Louis, Jean Louis Incognito, John Kerouac, pen names)

(1922–69) writer; born in Lowell, Mass. He studied at Columbia University (1940–42), and served in the merchant marine (1942; 1943) and the navy (1943). Later he studied at the New School for Social Research (1948–49). He lived with his mother in Lowell, held a variety of jobs, and traveled throughout the United States and Mexico. The publication of On the Road (1957), a semiautobiographical tale of his wanderings with Neal Cassady, instantly established his reputation as a spokesman for the Beat Generation. His friends, Allen Ginsberg and William Burroughs Jr., were strongly supportive when conservative critics of the day were upset by the subject matter of the book and by what Kerouac called his "spontaneous prose." Although his new-found fame helped to promote his previously unpublished books, he was profoundly disturbed by his loss of privacy. He lost his gift for high-speed writing, drank heavily, and tried to escape his notoriety by living in California. His last major work, Big Sur (1962), described the price he paid for success, and he lived out his final years back in Lowell with his mother.
References in periodicals archive ?
8221;It's like being in a car with Jack Kerouac and Neal Cassady as the pair barreled back and forth across the country.
The 43,600-square-foot building was originally erected in 1900 as the Marlton House, and, according to the Post, it later became a haven for struggling Beat Generation writers including Jack Kerouac and Neal Cassady.
BORN KIM Kardashian, US model, 1980, above ALFRED Nobel, Swedish chemist, 1833 SAMUEL Taylor Coleridge, Englsish poet, 1772 DIED HORATIO Nelson, British naval hero, 1805, above JACK Kerouac, American writer, 1969 SAMUEL Foote,, English dramatist, 1777
LOS ANGELES -- When a letter credited with inspiring Jack Kerouac to create a new literary genre suddenly surfaced, no one was happier than an 86-year-old poet and playwright from New Jersey.
As a freshman, he is poorly versed in the social etiquettes of his new home but charismatic campus mate Lucien Carr (Dane DeHaan) takes Ginsberg under his wing and introduces the newcomer to inner sanctums where other bright young things including Jack Kerouac (Jack Huston) and William S Burroughs (Ben Foster) intellectually spar with one another.
He meets fellow writers Jack Kerouac (Jack Huston) and William Burroughs (Ben Foster) and is soon at the heart of an all-male love triangle involving the charismatic Lucien Carr (played by the 'young DiCaprio' actor Dane DeHaan) and the tragic David Kammerer (Michael C Hall, sounding like Philip Seymour Hoffman).
But lovers of literature will enjoy a complex movie that links in figures such as Jack Kerouac and William Burroughs with a whole lot of style.
in the epic Gilgamesh, ancient Greek culture, early Christianity, and between Jack Kerouac and Neil Cassidy in the Beat classic On the Road.
Jack Kerouac is often described as the voice of the Beat Generation of American writers, but 44 years after his death, that moniker may have gained an uncomfortable new resonance.
Others, like Jack Kerouac, never had the good fortune to visit Wales, but he's there in spirit on the beach at Gwbert.
Jack Kerouac has inspired many of his readers to adapt a different way of life.
A novel entitled 'And the Hippos Were Boiled in Their Tanks', which was co-written by Jack Kerouac and William S Burroughs, is to be published in November by Penguin Classics.