Jackson, Robert

Jackson, Robert (Houghwout)

(1892–1954) Supreme Court justice; born in Spring Creek, Pa. He served as counsel to the Bureau of Internal Revenue (1934–36) and to the Department of Justice (1936–40). He was U.S. attorney general (1940–41) when President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed him to the U.S. Supreme Court (1941–54). After World War II, he served as chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg war crimes trials (1945–46).