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After the fall of Robespierre in 1794, the Jacobin Club in Paris was closed, signaling the end to the Reign of Terror.


It has been suggested that far from being the patriotic fomenters of the French Revolution, the Jacobins were pawns of the Illuminati.

In the context of the French Revolution (1789–95), a Jacobin was a member of the Jacobin Club (1789–94), a patriotic group originally formed in Breton and reconstituted as the Society of Friends of the Constitution after the revolutionary National Assembly moved to Paris in 1789. The designation “Jacobin” for the Society of Friends came from their choice of meeting place, the monastery of the Jacobins, the Parisian name for the Dominican order.

In the beginning the Jacobins were generally moderate bourgeois who sought to limit the powers of the monarchy. As they inspired patriotic societies in most French cities, they became more radical, advocating republican ideals, separation of church and state, public education, and universal suffrage. In 1794 the Jacobins, under their leader Robespierre, instituted the Reign of Terror against counterrevolutionaries as well as former allies, such as the Cordeliers and the followers of Georges Danton. The execution of Robespierre on July 28, 1794, signaled the demise of the Jacobins’ power, however many times their spirit may have been invoked in later years. The label “Jacobin” is applied today to anyone with extreme liberal tendencies or who promotes radical or revolutionary opinions.

In volume 3 of his Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism, Abbé Augustin Barruel accuses the Jacobins of being aligned with the Illuminati in fomenting the collapse of the monarchy in France. According to Barruel, the leaders of the Illuminist French Grand Orient oversaw the Jacobin clubs and were responsible for orchestrating all the major events of the French Revolution. The revolution, therefore, was not an exercise in democracy, but an illustration of the Illuminati’s success in subversive destruction of a nation.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the provincial departments, some Jacobin administrators tried in vain to organise resistance, but most of the population was tired of revolutionary politics and certainly would not contemplate civil war.
Stressing the crucial role that the youths played in the suppression of the Jacobin Society, Gendron narrates with apt illustration and colorful anecdote a tale of mayhem and hooliganism.
Lyon's Jacobin government alienated not only many of the lower classes, but also the Lyonnais bourgeoisie, which began only at this late date to act as a coherent class to protect its power and property from the perceived Jacobin threat.
One always faces Jacobins and Ultras, polar radicals each convinced of their "purity" and intent on discarding the half loaf of political compromise that each opposes.
Elis arguments for philosophe direction in 1789 and 1791, or Jacobin control of popular movements in 1793, rest on only the thinnest shreds of evidence and innuendo.
In the ensuing years, Freeth became noted for his support for radical causes and he and his friends were regarded as Jacobins by their opponents.
He outlines Hamilton's significance as US Constitutional architect and influential early president, underscoring his sober Enlightenment realism that was skeptical of Jacobin idealism, but not quite as cynical as that of Thomas Hobbes.
Ryn demonstrates that, although this ideology is often called "conservative" or "neo-conservative," it has more in common with the radical Jacobin ideology of the French Revolution of 1789.
That was straightforward, but Moore executed a plan on the ed Vaughantrained Robin Hoods Bay in the feature 1m2f handicap, before giving a masterclass on another maiden, The Black Jacobin, to win the 6f handicap by a head from favourite Lager Time.
Part one, on political writing and the novel, first examines the role of Rome in the English controversy over the French Revolution (Burke as well as Thelwall and Godwin), then turns to the invocation of Roman historical models in the Jacobin novels of Godwin, Holcroft, Inchbald, and Hays.
The 30-year-old actor, who was nominated for a Golden Globe for his performance in the 2010 romantic drama alongside Michelle Williams, plays perpetual dater Jacobin in the comedy movie.
The better-known revolutionary tradition, whose origins Arendt located in the Jacobin tradition of the French Revolution and which had been inspired by Rousseauian compassion and pity, was carried on in the Russian Revolution.