Jacobite Church

Jacobite Church

(jăk`əbīt'), officially Syrian Orthodox Church, Christian church of Syria, Iraq, and India, recognizing the Syrian Orthodox patriarch of Antioch as its spiritual head, regarded by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox as heretical. It was founded (6th cent.) as a Monophysite church in Syria by Jacob Baradaeus, greatly helped by Empress Theodora. It is thus analogous in position to the Coptic Church, the Monophysite church of Egypt (see CoptsCopts
, the native Christian minority of Egypt; estimates of the number of Copts in Egypt range from 5% to 17% of the population. Copts are not ethnically distinct from other Egyptians; they are a cultural remnant, i.e.
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). For many centuries the Jacobites were under Muslim dominion. Most Jacobites live in Iraq, while their patriarch resides at Damascus. They resemble other Eastern Christians in custom; their rite is the Antiochene or West Syrian; the liturgical language is Syriac.

Since the 17th cent. there has been constant contact with Rome; as a result there is a community in communion with the pope having practices and rite in common with the Jacobites. These Syrian Catholics number about as many as the Jacobites; their head, another patriarch of Antioch, lives at Beirut. They have a separate church organization from the MelchitesMelchites
or Melkites
, members of a Christian community in the Levant and the Americas, mainly Arabic-speaking and numbering about 250,000. They are in communion with the pope and have a Byzantine rite much like that of Constantinople but in the Arabic language.
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, MaronitesMaronites
, Lebanese Christian community, in communion with the pope. By emigration they have spread to Cyprus, Palestine, Egypt, South America, and the United States and now number about one million.
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, and Chaldaean Catholics, which are other communities of Syria and Iraq in communion with Rome.

In SW India there are Christian churches of Malabar Jacobites; this group came into existence in the 17th cent., when many Syrian Malabar Christians left the Roman communion and established relations with the Jacobite patriarch. They now use the Antiochene rite, with some differences. They are divided into disputing jurisdictional churches, including the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, which isindependent of the Jacobite patriarch, as well as several churches of Reformed or Independent Jacobites. In the 20th cent. a large number of Malabar Jacobites entered into communion with the pope, retaining their liturgy and practices. These Syro-Malankara Catholics are ecclesiastically separate from both the Syrian Catholics, whose rite they share, and from the Syro-Malabar Catholics (Chaldaean rite), who represent the Malabar Christians who did not leave the Roman communion when the Malabar Jacobites did.

Bibliography

See D. Attwater, The Christian Churches of the East (1947–48).

References in periodicals archive ?
KCEC is a joint council for six churches including Kerala Catholic Church, St Paul's Marthoma Perish, St Gregarious Knanaya Syrian Church, St Mary's Cathedral, Marthoma Perish Bahrain, Bahrain Malayalee CSI Parish and St Peter's Jacobite Church.
The churches currently open in Al Jazeera Al Hamrah are Mar Thoma Church, Seventh Day Adventist Church, which is the only church to open in the Gulf for the group, Indian Orthodox Church and the Syrian Jacobite Church.
While the recusants were viewed as insufficiently English in their homeland despite their attempts to disentangle religious from political questions, they were considered as less than truly Catholic on the Continent by their Catholic brethren there, especially because of Jansenist and Enlightenment influences within the Jacobite church that resisted Ultramontanism and supported ecumenism.
MUSCAT: Mor Baselios Thomas I, Catholicose of Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, will arrive today in Muscat for a seven-day visit to lay the foundation stone of a new church building of St Mary's Jacobite Church on Wednesday in Ruwi.
Anne, the small Orthodox church, and the Jacobite church (also known as the "Tanner's Mosque" or "Tabakhane")--were inaccessible owing to their integration into a military base in 1974.
He was a theologian and teacher in the Syrian Jacobite church, and had to jettison some traditional doctrines to make his point.
In Section I, he presents a short biographical sketch of the life of Ibn 'Adi, who came from Takrit, one of the intellectual and spiritual centers of the Jacobite church.
An inaugural ceremony will be held at 9am on November 16 by St Peter's Jacobite Church vicar Father Thomas Nediyapalackal, while Mar Thoma assistant vicar and VBS deputy superintendent Reverend Reji Dan Philipose will preside.
450-523), the celebrated doctor of the Jacobite Church.
BISHOP Mathew Mor Theodosios of Kollam Diocese and Metropolitan of churches in Kuwait arrived in Bahrain yesterday to lead the Holy Week services at the St Peter's Jacobite Church, Salmaniya.
THE 30th anniversary celebrations of the St Peter's Syrian Jacobite Church took place at The Palace hotel's Falcon hall, Adliya.
St Mary's Syrian Orthodox Church vicar Reverend Saji Mathew, St Peter's Syrian Jacobite Church vicar Reverend Paul Mathew, St Paul's Marthoma Church vicar Reverend N C Joshua and Thursday Prayer Fellowship representative Brother K K James were present.