Jacquard loom


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Jacquard loom

(history)
/zhah-kar'/ A mechanical loom, invented by Joseph-Marie Jacquard in 1801, which used the holes punched in pasteboard punch cards (which see) to control the weaving of patterns in fabric. It was the first machine to use punch cards, although it did no computation based on them.

http://history.rochester.edu/steam/hollerith/loom.htm.

Jacquard loom

An automated loom that transformed the 19th century textile industry and became the inspiration for future calculating and tabulating machines. Developed by the French silk-weaver, Joseph-Marie Jacquard (1752-1834), it used punch cards to control its operation.

Although punch cards were used in earlier looms and music boxes, Jacquard's loom was a vast improvement and allowed complex patterns to be created swiftly. The loom was inspiration to Charles Babbage and, later, to Herman Hollerith who developed the first commercial punch card equipment.


The Jacquard Loom
The binary principle embodied in the punched-card operation of the loom was inspiration for the data processing machines to come. (Image courtesy of The Computer History Museum, www.computerhistory.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
IL-LOOM-INATING: Story competition winner Mollie Dibb pictured with Touch FM's Brody Swain, panto dame Nanny Knot and Chris Kirby of The Herbert in front of the Jacquard loom which inspired her.
The person seeing it in Germany was a draft-maker for Jacquard looms.
The Jacquard looms spread rapidly throughout France and eventually through Great Britain as well.
To return to our initial weaving image, it should be clear by now that we have moved from a very simplistic black and white image of science and technology in society, such as might typically be produced on a basic two-harness hand loom to a much more sophisticated understanding of the STS relationship such as could more readily be conveyed by the patterns commonly producible on a Jacquard loom.
This all rather appeals to me in my gloomy mood, because, having once read the guide book, I happen to know that the church has a crypt full of the bones of Huguenot weavers, inventors of the Jacquard loom, which worked by a system of cards with holes pu nched in them - a primitive mechanical precursor of today's computer programs.
Originally exhibited at Leo Castelli in 1977, the work was inspired by the legacy of the Jacquard loom and its impact on Charles Babbage's punch card, which in turn led to the invention of the computer.
Bruce Conner's At the Head of the Stairs, 1987/2003, a tapestry produced mechanically on a Belgian Jacquard loom from a digital scan of a 1987 paper collage, deconstructs both its complex technological facilitation and its cut-and-paste origins.
Because chenilles can be woven on a jacquard loom, you can really do anything with them.
New patterns are produced on a new tufting loom that has design capabilities similar to a jacquard loom.
The company, which had targeted the solid-color market, has introduced new products made with patterning equipment that is said to have the same design capabilities as a jacquard loom.
Grace is a different weave done on a jacquard loom with a number of weaving techniques in four to six colors.
Jacquard looms replaced expert needleworkers in the 19th century, but they didn't spell doom for tailors.