Jacques Decour

Decour, Jacques

 

(pseudonym of Daniel Decourdemanche). Born in 1910, in Paris; died May 30, 1942, in Fort Mont Valérien. French author.

Decour was a member of the French Communist Party and a teacher. Having broken away from his bourgeois milieu, he found support in Cartesianism and in the legacy of Stendhal and Heine. He was disturbed by the fate of the “prodigal children” of bourgeois society in the 20th century and the choice they had to make between belonging to the caste system (the novel The Wise Man and the Corporal, 1930) and participating in its destruction (the story “The Schoolboys’ Rebellion,” 1934; Russian translation, 1934) and between Philistine narrow-mindedness and indifference (the travel diary Philisterburg, 1932) and frantic seeking after truth (the novel The Fathers, 1936). In the mid-1930’s Decour joined the struggle against fascism and became a Marxist. In 1938-39 he was the editor in chief of the magazine Commune. To fascist “Pan-Germanism” and racism he opposed the “humanistic Germany” of Schiller, Beethoven, Lessing, and Marx (the essay “What is German Humanism?” 1939). He published the underground magazines L’université libre in 1940 and La Pensée libre in 1941. He was one of the founders of the illegal newspaper Les Lettres françaises and author of the Manifesto of the Authors’ National Front (Les Lettres françaises, September 1942, no. 1). On Feb. 19, 1942, he was arrested. He was executed by the Gestapo. In his last letter, dated May 30, 1942 (in the book Letters of the ExecutedOnes, 1946; Russian translation, 1949), he urges youth to heed the call of Goethe’s Egmont to fight for freedom.

WORKS

Pages choisies. Paris, 1944.
Comme je vous en donne l’exemple. … Text by J. Decour, introduced by Aragon. Paris, 1945.

REFERENCES

Balashov, V. “Vechnozelenye list’ia. …” Literaturnaia gazeta, June 5, 1962.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol.4. Moscow, 1963.
Duclos, J. “Hommage à Politzer, Decour et Solomon.” Nouvelle critique, July-August 1955.
“Le XXIIe anniversaire de la mort de J. Decour.” Les Lettres frangaises, June 4-10, 1964.

V. P. BALASHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract award notice: spatial email jacques decour.
As for the Communists Solomon and Politzer themselves, arrested like their comrade Jacques Decour by 'la police dite francaise' in March 1942 (CCE, pp.
To reinforce his argument Aragon had also reproduced the testimony of the Communist Jacques Decour, published in the first clandestine number of Lettres franfaises:
La philosophie des fondateurs -- dans la pensee des martyrs de la Resistance Jacques Solomon, Jacques Decour et Georges Politzer -- fut celle d'une maison d'edition non pas au service d'un parti politique ou de la patrie mais de la litterature libre.
Location of works, place of delivery supplies or performance: Jacques Decour WRC - 12, avenue Trudaine 75009 Paris
This contract aims to describe the benefits on the work of optimizing housing ventilation, 2 residences Heritage Suresnes Habitat, the Jacques Decour residences in firm phase and News Acquevilles in conditional phase.
Contract notice: Demolition of a building with 86 units - boulevard jacques decour - le blanc mesnil (93).
Visit to the Lycee Jacques Decours and meeting at the Social and Economic Council; Mrs DIAMANTOPOULOU in Athens.