Jaffa

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Jaffa

(jăf`ə, yä`fä), Heb. Yafo, part of Tel AvivTel Aviv
, city (1994 pop. 355,200), W central Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. Oficially named Tel Aviv–Jaffa, it is Israel's commercial, financial, communications, and cultural center and the core of its largest metropolitan area.
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, W central Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. Originally a Phoenician city, Jaffa has been historically important largely because of its port (which was closed in 1965, when the port of Ashdod was completed). It was captured by Egypt in 1472 B.C. and made a provincial capital. In 701 B.C. the city was besieged by Sennacherib, king of Assyria. It was often held by Philistia, and not until after the Captivity in Babylon (6th cent. B.C.) did it become Hebrew territory. Alexander the Great took Jaffa in the late 4th cent. B.C. The city changed hands frequently in the fighting between the Maccabees and the Syrians (2d and 1st cent. B.C.) and was destroyed by Vespasian in A.D. 68. The rebuilt city of Jaffa was conquered by the Arabs in 636. The Crusaders took it in 1126, Saladin recaptured it in 1187, and Richard I retook the city in 1191. In 1196 the Arabs again captured Jaffa, and in the 16th cent. the city, then in decline, was annexed by the Ottoman Empire. In the late 17th cent. Jaffa began to develop again as a seaport. It was captured by Napoleon in 1799. In World War I British troops took Jaffa, which became part of the British-administered PalestinePalestine
, historic region on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, at various times comprising parts of modern Israel, the West Bank and Gaza (recognized internationally by nations as independent Palestine), Jordan, and Egypt; also known as the Holy Land.
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 mandate (1922–48). In 1947 and 1948 there was sharp fighting between Jaffa, which was largely inhabited by Arabs, and the adjoining Jewish city of Tel Aviv. On the day (May 14, 1948) that the state of Israel was proclaimed, the Arabs in Jaffa surrendered and were joined with Jews in a religiously mixed city. Jaffa has an old fishing harbor, modern boat docks, and a tourism center. The city is noted for its export of oranges. The usual Bible spelling is Joppa.

Jaffa

 

a part of Tel Aviv since 1949. Jaffa is first mentioned in ancient Egyptian documents dating from the 16th century B.C. In antiquity, the area was controlled, at different times, by the Canaanites, Philistines, Hebrews, and Romans. In the Middle Ages the city of Jaffa was an important commercial and cultural center for the Palestinian Arabs. It was part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century to 1917, when it was seized by the British. Jaffa subsequently became part of the British mandate in Palestine. Under a resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly on Nov. 29, 1947, Jaffa was supposed to become part of an Arab Palestinian state, but it was captured by Israel during the Arab-Israeli War of 1948–49.

Jaffa

1. a port in W Israel, on the Mediterranean: incorporated into Tel Aviv in 1950; an old Canaanite city
2. a large variety of orange, having a thick skin
References in periodicals archive ?
The most enduring part of the Jaffa legacy, I think, will consist in two remarkable, interconnected achievements.
They may be fittingly said of Harry Jaffa as well: "He loved his country partly because it was his own country, but mostly because it was a free country, and he burned with a zeal for its advancement, prosperity, and glory, because he saw in such the advancement, prosperity, and glory of human liberty, human right, and human nature.
With your permission, I should like to close with a blessing: may the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob smile upon Harry Jaffa and grant his soul eternal rest in the garden where the citizens of Jerusalem and Athens are forever joined in harmonious conversation about whatsoever things are true.
IT WAS NEARLY 50 YEARS AGO THAT I arrived in Claremont to study with Harry Jaffa and his teacher, Leo Strauss.
Jaffa also introduced me to competitive cycling, and we spent many hours training and racing together.
If the group is enthusiastic about the new Jaffa varieties, it is delighted there has been a resurgence in interest in shamoutis.
Israel brands its major variety, Jaffa Sunrise, although it is known internationally as Star Ruby.
Over 600 London doubledeckers have begun carrying the Israeli shamouti slogan - Let the Jaffa Juice Loose.
Apart from shamouti, Manning believes that as the red grapefruit crop increases Jaffa will win market share.
Carmel Citrus, which is looking to import over a million cartons of Jaffa fruit to the UK this season, has linked with wholesaler Francis Nicholls to supply Field Fresh.
Les, of Beverley, East Yorks, said: "He pulled out a packet of Jaffa Cakes and said, 'Les, I have a confession to make'.
Manning said: "A considerable investment has been made with management time with Jaffa importers and key retail customers.