Jaffna


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Jaffna

(jăf`nə), peninsula, northernmost part of Sri Lanka, separated from India by Palk Strait. The peninsula is densely inhabited, largely by Tamil-speaking people. Jaffna suffered under the Portuguese and Dutch occupations of the 17th–18th cent. Tobacco, rice, coconuts, palmyra palm, and vegetables are grown; fishing is an important occupation. The main industries are salt, cement, chemical, and tobacco production. The city of Jaffna (1995 est. pop. 135,000), on the southwestern portion of the peninsula, on Jaffna Lagoon, is a regional trade center with a small port. The Univ. of Jaffna is there. The city includes Nallur, capital of the independent Tamil kingdom conquered by the Portuguese in 1617.

The center of an independent kingdom from the 13th to the 15th cent., Jaffna was occupied by the Portuguese (1617–1658) and the Dutch (1658–1795) until the British conquest. Since the 1980s it has been the center of violent Tamil resistance against Sinhalese dominance in Sri Lanka. Guerrilla groups, particularly the Liberation Tigers, which has controlled portions of the peninsula at various times since 1986, have tried to transform the peninsula and E Sri Lanka into an independent nation called Tamil Eelam. Indian troops occupied the peninsula from 1988 to 1990 in an attempt to help quell the rebellion. In 2009 Sri Lanka forces again reopened a land route along the peninsula to the city of Jaffna. The Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami caused destruction and loss of life on peninsula.

Jaffna

 

a seaport in Sri Lanka, located on the Jaffna Peninsula. Administrative center of the Northern Province. Population, 100,000 (1970). It is the second largest city in the country. Jaffna is the terminus for a railroad line and a commercial center. It is an important link with India and Burma. Agricultural raw materials are processed here.


Jaffna

 

a peninsula in northern Sri Lanka. It is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Mannar of the Indian Ocean and the Palk Strait. Jaffna is approximately 70 km long and 15-20 km wide, with winding lagoons; it is composed primarily of limestone. Intensive agriculture, fishing, and pearl diving are practiced there.

Jaffna

a port in N Sri Lanka: for many centuries the capital of a Tamil kingdom. Pop.: 149 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Lions Club 306 B2 of Makola in collaboration with the Security Force Headquarters, Jaffna, awarded scholarships for students excelled at the GCE Advanced Level Examination 2017 in Jaffna district, at the Auditorium of SF HQ (J), where Lions Club of Makola were present on 02 March 2018 and participated in the brief ceremony.
The first initiative by a development partner was aimed to support Jaffna's post-conflict development on safe drinking water supply to Jaffna and nearby towns.
The documents related to the release of lands were officially handed over to the District Secretary of Jaffna, Nagalingam Vedanayaham by Major General Darshana Hettiarachchi, Commander, Security Forces - Jaffna (SFHQ-J), during brief the ceremony held at Ottampalam in Vasuvillan, Jaffna.
Jaffna [Sri Lanka], Nov 5 ( ANI ): The Sri Lankan Navy apprehended eight fishermen of Indian origin and seized one boat belonging to them near Jaffna on Sunday.
Peace Keeping Force ( IPKF) arrived here in 1987 because we have lost so much that we have nothing more to lose," says Professor SV Parameswaran, former Dean of the medical faculty in Jaffna university.
In the absence of this train service, buses charge commuters exorbitantly for a round-trip to Jaffna.
The High Commissioner also met the President of Jaffna Chamber of Commerce & Industry Mr R.
Many villagers still do not know when they will be able to return home to rebuild their lives, Bishop Thomas Savundranayagam of Jaffna said.
The recent opening of new branches at Achchuvely and Chavakachcheri took the number of Ceylinco Life branches in Jaffna to five.
oWe are from Jaffna originally,o explains Mary, a Tamil Christian who now lives in Australia with her husband, Sylvester.
Jaffna is the capital of a peninsula with the same name which is the Tamil minority's cultural heartland.
Jaffna / PNN -- As part of the events for "Jerusalem as Capital of Arab Culture, 2009," Jaffna Village has opened its sixth annual festival of Palestinian heritage.