Jaffna


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Jaffna

(jăf`nə), peninsula, northernmost part of Sri Lanka, separated from India by Palk Strait. The peninsula is densely inhabited, largely by Tamil-speaking people. Jaffna suffered under the Portuguese and Dutch occupations of the 17th–18th cent. Tobacco, rice, coconuts, palmyra palm, and vegetables are grown; fishing is an important occupation. The main industries are salt, cement, chemical, and tobacco production. The city of Jaffna (1995 est. pop. 135,000), on the southwestern portion of the peninsula, on Jaffna Lagoon, is a regional trade center with a small port. The Univ. of Jaffna is there. The city includes Nallur, capital of the independent Tamil kingdom conquered by the Portuguese in 1617.

The center of an independent kingdom from the 13th to the 15th cent., Jaffna was occupied by the Portuguese (1617–1658) and the Dutch (1658–1795) until the British conquest. Since the 1980s it has been the center of violent Tamil resistance against Sinhalese dominance in Sri Lanka. Guerrilla groups, particularly the Liberation Tigers, which has controlled portions of the peninsula at various times since 1986, have tried to transform the peninsula and E Sri Lanka into an independent nation called Tamil Eelam. Indian troops occupied the peninsula from 1988 to 1990 in an attempt to help quell the rebellion. In 2009 Sri Lanka forces again reopened a land route along the peninsula to the city of Jaffna. The Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami caused destruction and loss of life on peninsula.

Jaffna

 

a seaport in Sri Lanka, located on the Jaffna Peninsula. Administrative center of the Northern Province. Population, 100,000 (1970). It is the second largest city in the country. Jaffna is the terminus for a railroad line and a commercial center. It is an important link with India and Burma. Agricultural raw materials are processed here.


Jaffna

 

a peninsula in northern Sri Lanka. It is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Mannar of the Indian Ocean and the Palk Strait. Jaffna is approximately 70 km long and 15-20 km wide, with winding lagoons; it is composed primarily of limestone. Intensive agriculture, fishing, and pearl diving are practiced there.

Jaffna

a port in N Sri Lanka: for many centuries the capital of a Tamil kingdom. Pop.: 149 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Schools in the Tamil dominated Jaffna town were also closed while banks and all public institutions were shut down in support of the protest.
Exploring the Jaffna Peninsula and surrounding islands with its unique mixture of colonial charm and vibrant Tamil culture
Peace Keeping Force ( IPKF) arrived here in 1987 because we have lost so much that we have nothing more to lose," says Professor SV Parameswaran, former Dean of the medical faculty in Jaffna university.
Managing Director, Wetti Yajan, Hotel Lux Etoiles of Jaffna that has the biggest swimming pool in the region said that the hotel is now maintaining high occupancies due to the arrival of foreigners.
In the absence of this train service, buses charge commuters exorbitantly for a round-trip to Jaffna.
David Cameron meets staff at the Uthayan newspaper in Jaffna, northern Sri Lanka, during his visit to the country
The High Commissioner also met the President of Jaffna Chamber of Commerce & Industry Mr R.
He said that the illegal asylum seekers, all minority Tamils, were spotted by navy boats North of Point Pedro and in Jaffna, Xinhua reported.
Now I want to give back something and help raise money for a paediatric cancer ward at the Jaffna General Hospital.
Armed soldiers stood guard Saturday throughout Jaffna, the capital of Northern Province and the main Tamil city, and most shops were shut.
JAFFNA, SRI LANKA * The Catholic bishop of Jaffna, Sri Lanka's northernmost city and former capital of rebel-controlled territory, has urged the government to do more to aid the return home of people evacuated 15 years ago during the civil war.
Life insurance leader Ceylinco Life has opened two new branches in Jaffna and announced plans to open five more in the near future to service the long term insurance needs of the people of the peninsula.