Jagir

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Jagir

 

(Persian, literally “holding a place”), the predominant form of feudal landownership in Mogul India from the 16th to the 18th century. The owner (jagirdar) received a share of the state land tax from the jagir. In return he was obligated to maintain a hired cavalry detachment. The average jagir was immense—approximately 100,000 hectares. The Great Moguls, fearing the separatist tendencies of the jagirdars, often transferred them from one jagir to another. In the 17th century the jagir system began evolving into a system of hereditary ownership, which ultimately came into existence in the 18th century.

REFERENCES

Antonova, K. A. Ocherki obshchestvennykh otnoshenii i politicheskogo stroia Mogol’skoi Indii vremen Akbara (1556-1605). Moscow, 1952.
Ashrafian, K. Z. Agrarnyi stroi Severnoi Indii (XIII-seredina XVIII vv.). Moscow, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Addressing college students in Qasimabad he alleged that officers have destroyed the school and college education and rulers with Jagirdari mentality have turned the schools and colleges into their Otaqs( guest houses) and animal barns.
After consistently targeting the military establishment and the agencies and holding them responsible for all the ills in Karachi, Altaf developed fancy for revolution to get rid of decayed Jagirdari system.
Feudalism that was sought to be uprooted by the removal of zamindari and jagirdari soon after independence re-emerged in the form of new "netas".
He had earlier tweeted on the proposed law: " The days of jagirdari in music industry are over.
The revenue village Mianpatana under this study here was a Jagirdari of Hadi Mian during Mughal times.
He said we still live in the era of jirga and jagirdari (feudal system).
There has been a considerable improvement in social development due to abolition of zamindari and jagirdari systems, awakening of women and the rise of a middle class.
Has anyone heard voices coming out of political parties or media studios, or from NGOs or human rights watch groups for repressive jagirdari system?
He contrasted this with an example of Jan Sangh, the precursor of BJP, which faced the situation of having to expel six of eight legislators in Rajasthan after 1952 elections over their refusal to abide by the party line on abolition of jagirdari system.
Spokesperson to the President Senator Farhatullah Babar said that first major administrative, judicial and political reforms in the area were introduced and Jagirdari Nizam abolished in 1975 during the government of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
It may be mentioned that the first major administrative, judicial and political reforms were introduced and Jagirdari Nizam abolished in 1975 during the government of Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.
Before the independence, the better-off states were having a progressive land tenure system like Ryotwari or Mahalwari, whereas most of the less developed states were princely states and were under exploitative tenures like the Zamidari and Jagirdari systems.