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(both: jəhän'gēr`), 1569–1627, MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 emperor of India (1605–27), son of AkbarAkbar
, 1542–1605, Mughal emperor of India (1556–1605); son of Humayun, grandson of Babur. He succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan, who rendered loyal service in expanding and consolidating the Mughal domains before he was summarily dismissed (1560) by
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. He continued his father's policy of expansion. The Rajput principality of Mewar (Udaipur) capitulated in 1614. In the Deccan, Ahmadnagar was taken in 1616 and half of its kingdom annexed. In the northwest, however, the Persian ruler, Shah AbbasAbbas
, d. 653, uncle of Muhammad the Prophet and of Ali the caliph. A wealthy merchant of Mecca, he was at first opposed to the religious movement initiated by his nephew Muhammad.
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, retook (1622) Kandahar. In 1611, Jahangir married a Persian widow, Nur Jahan, and she and her relatives soon dominated politics, while Jahangir devoted himself to cultivation of the arts, especially miniature painting. He welcomed foreign visitors to his court, granting trading privileges first to the Portuguese and then to the British East India Company. Civil strife and court intrigues marked the last years of Jahangir's reign. Shah Jahan, his son, succeeded him.


See B. Prasad, History of Jahangir (1922).



(also Jehangir; Persian, literally “conqueror of the world”; title as ruler). Born 1569; died 1627. Ruler of the state of the Great Moguls from 1605 to 1627. Son of Akbar.

Jahangir’s reign was marked by a weakening of central authority, an increase in the power and authority of the feudal jagirdars, and a flourishing of corruption. In 1613 he permitted the English East India Company to establish a trading station at Surat. In 1622 the Persians took the city of Kandahar, the “key” to the caravan trade, from the Moguls. Jahangir devoted little attention to affairs of state. His wife, Nur Jahan, had great political influence. Jahangir’s memoirs are entitled Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri.


The Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri, or Memoirs of Jahangir. London, 1909.


Kennedy, P. A History of the Great Moghuls, or A History of the Badshahate of Delhi, vols. 1-2. Calcutta, 1908-11.
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, PTI leader Jahangeer Tareen clarified that I never intervened in their personal life and it is a fabricated story that I handed over a cheque of Rs80 million to Reham Khan.
Similarly, Tania Riaz from city college of science and commerce remained third by obtaining 692 marks, while Bisma Jahangeer and Hina Mubashir from Punjab college stood fourth by getting 690 marks, respectively and Iqra Saleem a private candidate bagged 6th position by getting 689 marks.
Iyaad's father, Jahangeer, said his son was "a miracle boy".
Zabbir and drug deal mastermind Mohammed Jahangeer, 28, were arrested later by detectives.
Human resources assistant Mahnaz Abdulla Ibrahim, 28, and her husband Ahmed Jahangeer, who works for Gulf Air, live in Muharraq and said their two children, Noor, six, and Ali, three, are eagerly awaiting Gargaoun.
Rawshan Jahangeer Muhsen, English teacher, Khanaqin
Khans wife Reham Khan, Jahangeer Tareen and Faisal Javed will also accompany him during the visit.
The deceased, including two women, were identified as Najma, Shabnam, Hafeez, Zohaib, Jahangeer, Safayaan and the driver Sikander s/o Muhammad Ashraf.
The contributions of Fahimda Mirza, Asma Jahangeer and Yasmeen Rehman are really appreciated in this regard.
Khans wife Reham Khan, Jahangeer Tareen and Faisal Javed were also to accompany him to Gilgit-Baltistan.