Jakob Von Uexküll

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Uexküll, Jakob Von


Born Sept. 8, 1864, in Keblaste, now in Estonian SSR; died July 25, 1944, on Capri. German biologist, zoopsychologist, and philosopher.

A graduate of the University of Tartu, Uexkiill worked at the physiological institute in Heidelberg (Germany) and at the zoological station in Naples. In 1925 he became a professor at the University of Hamburg, where he created an institute for the study of the relationships of animals with the environment. He investigated the motor systems of animals (mainly invertebrates), the physiology of muscle contraction and nerve excitation, and other problems of comparative physiology. Uexkiill’s works contributed substantially to the development of the concept of the unity of the organism and the environment. His views of the world surrounding the animal served as one of the theoretical bases of ethology. He developed idealistic theological views in his works on the philosophy of natural science.


Leitfaden in das Studium der experimentellen Biologie der Wassertiere. Wiesbaden, 1905.
Umwelt und Innenwelt der Tiere, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1921.
Theoretische Biologie, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1928.
Bedeutungslehre. Leipzig, 1940.
Das allmächtige Leben. Hamburg, 1950.
Streifzüge durch die Umwelten von Tieren und Menschen. Hamburg, 1958. (With G. Kriszat.)
References in periodicals archive ?
It is said to draw on historical and literary accounts such as The Life of the Bee (1901), by Belgian writer Maurice Maeterlink, Animal Worlds and the Human World (1934), by German biologist Jakob von Uexkull and also motion pictures and scientific studies of bee behaviour.
Jakob von Uexkull (2010) makes an interesting point, too: "Was the much-lauded progress, which was to lead living beings from imperfect beginnings to evergreater perfection, really, after all, only a petty bourgeois speculation on the increasing utility of business?
Jakob von Uexkull, Founder of the World Future Council and the Right Livelihood Award, this week voiced concerns about the future of Namibian fisheries should the planned Sandpiper marine phosphate mining project be allowed to go ahead: "Mining is a short-term non-renewable activity.
Jakob von Uexkull Founder, World Future Council & Founder
The work was inspired by the ideas of early twentieth-century biologist Jakob von Uexkull, who developed theories related to the interaction of individual organisms within larger groups, or "compositions," but it also suggests other sources, including Hans Namuth's famous action shots of Jackson Pollock at work.
For this trip, it had assembled an unlikely mix of principals: the Patriarch, of course, along with Orthodox priests and archbishops, Catholic cardinals, Lutheran bishops, and an imam,but also environmental luminaries such as Teddy Goldsmith, Christine von Weisacker, Carl Jakob von Uexkull, and Vandana Shiva.
Jakob von Uexkull, Sweden, Founder of the World Future Council and the Right Livelihood Award (Alternative Nobel Prize)