James Baldwin


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Baldwin, James,

1924–87, American author, b. New York City. He spent an impoverished boyhood in Harlem, became a Pentecostal preacher at 14, and left the church three years later. He moved to Paris in 1947 and his first two novels, Go Tell It on the Mountain (1953), reflecting his experience as a young preacher, and Giovanni's Room (1956), which dealt with his homosexuality, as well as the intensely personal, racially charged essay collection Notes of a Native Son (1955), were written while he lived there. Baldwin returned to the United States in 1957 and participated in the civil-rights movement, later returning to France where he lived for the remainder of his life. Another Country (1962), a bitter novel about sexual relations and racial tension, received critical acclaim, as did the perceptive essays in what is probably his most celebrated book, The Fire Next Time (1963). His eloquence and unsparing honesty made Baldwin one of the most influential authors of his time. Other works include the play Blues for Mr. Charlie (1964); a volume of short stories, Going to Meet the Man (1964); and the novels If Beale Street Could Talk (1974), the story of a young black couple victimized by the judicial system, and Just above My Head (1979). Collections of essays include Nobody Knows My Name (1961), No Name in the Street (1972), and The Price of a Ticket (1985). His Collected Essays was published in 1998 and The Cross of Redemption: Uncollected Writings in 2010.

Bibliography

See biographies by W. J. Wetherby (1989), J. Campbell (1991), and D. Leeming (1994); interviews in James Baldwin: The Legacy (1989, ed. by Q. Troupe) and Conversations with James Baldwin (1989, ed. by F. L. Standley and L. H. Pratt); studies by L. H. Pratt (1985), H. A. Porter (1989), D. A. McBride, ed. (1999), D. Q. Miller (2000), L. O. Scott (2002), H. Bloom, ed. (2006), D. Field, ed. (2009), and M. J. Zaborowska (2009).

Baldwin, James (Arthur)

(1924–87) writer; born in Harlem, N.Y. Son of a preacher, as a teenager he himself was a preacher in a Harlem pentecostal church. After high school he began publishing polemical essays on the black experience in journals including The Nation and Commentary. Supported largely by fellowships, he began writing fiction in Paris (1948–56). His first novels, the autobiographical Go Tell It on the Mountain (1953) and Giovanni's Room (1956) established him as a promising novelist and anticipated some of the themes dealt with in later works, such as racism and homosexuality. In the U.S.A. (1957–1970s) he became a civil rights activist, and, through his essays, plays, and lectures, something of a celebrity as a spokesman for angry African-Americans. His novels include Another Country (1962), Tell Me How Long the Train's Been Gone (1968), and Just Above My Head (1979). His essays were collected in several volumes including Notes of a Native Son (1955), Nobody Knows My Name (1961), The Fire Next Time (1963), and The Price of a Ticket (1985). His plays include The Amen Corner (produced 1955), Blues for Mister Charlie (1964). He lived in France during his last years, although he returned to the U.S.A. to hold special academic appointments.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thematically, your work reminds me of James Baldwin.
As Budick rightly points out, what Ralph Ellsion rejects in Irving Howe and Stanley Hyman echoes what James Baldwin means by "stranger" in "Stranger in the Village": African American literature is not controlled by, but rather participates in, the creation of Western culture; the Afri can American is not the "stranger" in America.
Maxwell argues that James Baldwin isn't just the most tweeted literary authority of the Black Lives Matter movement, but also the most relevant 20th century author in our current political moment.
This biography of African American writer and gay activist James Baldwin focuses on his years living in Saint-Paul de Vence, France, from his escape from American racism and FBI harassment, to his death in 1987.
technical point of contact: james baldwin, ajw-e13c, james.
To put together the project, Peck used a thirty-page manuscript written by the legendary African-American author and essayist James Baldwin, based on his personal (http://www.
The James Baldwin International Conference in Paris, France (May 26-28, 2016, the American University of Paris) and a recent book on the artist's true relationship with his adopted home
More than a quarter-century after his death, James Baldwin remains an unparalleled figure in American literature and African American cultural politics.
This concise book opens with an overview of the life, work, and critical reception of African American author James Baldwin, then examines his fiction, nonfiction, and plays in chapters structured around key themes in Baldwin's life and work, including his travels and his life as an expatriate; his commitment to the civil rights movement; his writings about jazz, blues, and gospel; his criticism of the Christian church; and the complex relationship between blackness and homosexuality.
Zaborowska's book, James Baldwin's Turkish Decade: Erotics of Exile (2009) and her essay, '"In the Same Boat": James Baldwin and the Other Atlantic' (2009), which both show the significance of Baldwin's works in Turkey, beyond the local and international settings in which they used to be confined.
James Baldwin (1924-1987) was an American novelist, writer, playwright, poet, essayist and civil rights activist.
Qatargas was represented by James Baldwin, environmental manager, and Dana Haidan, corporate citizenship officer.