James Connolly


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Connolly, James

 

Born June 5, 1868, in Edinburgh; died May 12, 1916, in Dublin. Irish revolutionary and fighter for the independence of Ireland.

In the 1880’s, Connolly was active in the strike movement and studied the works of K. Marx and F. Engels. In 1896 he founded the Irish Socialist Republican Party in Dublin—a party that aimed at combining the struggle for socialism and the struggle for national liberation. He lived in the USA between 1903 and 1910, participating in the socialist movement and in the founding of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). After returning to Ireland in 1910, Connolly joined J. Larkin as leader of the largest trade union of transportation and unskilled workers. He led the Dublin Strike of 1913.

Despite his syndicalist errors, Connolly made a great contribution to the dissemination of Marxism. He wrote many works on the political and ideological struggle, the history of the workers’ and national liberation movement, economics, and military affairs. One of the main leaders of the Irish Uprising of 1916 against British imperialism, Connolly joined other leaders of the rebellion in signing a proclamation that declared an independent Irish Republic. After the defeat of the uprising Connolly, gravely wounded, was captured by British authorities and shot.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Rabochii klass v istorii Irlandii: Otvoevanie Irlandii Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Orlova, M. E. “Iz istorii rasprostraneniia marksizma v Irlandii.” In the collection Iz istorii marksizma i mezhdunarodnogo rabochego dvizheniia. Moscow, 1963.
Greaves, C. D. The Life and Times of James Connolly. London, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
James Connolly has been chalking up the air miles in his Connacht career so far, with all three of his appearances coming in the European Challenge Cup.
James Connolly netted the first from outside the penalty area in the fifth minute, and with his team dominating play, John Leuffa crashed in the second off the underside of the bar, also from long range.
UBM Tech names James Connolly as Editor-in-Chief and David Wagner as Community Editor of the popular analytics and big data website and community All Analytics.
This volume tracks the day-by-day fighting against England and ends with the executions of Commandant Michael Mallin and James Connolly, Commander in Chief of the Irish Citizen Army.
O'Donnell was, of course, a major critic of what he saw as the Labour Party's abandonment of the James Connolly inspired Irish Socialist Republic.
Berry was initially taken to South Tipperary General Hospital before being transferred to James Connolly Blanchardstown Hospital in Dublin.
Dr Adrian McGoldrick, chief medical officer with the Turf Club, said yesterday: "Fran was transferred from hospital in Clonmel to James Connolly Hospital in Blanchardstown in Dublin on Thursday night.
The 70-year-old, a lifelong Labour Party member, evoked rebel leader James Connolly, saying he believed that Ireland is a work in progress - a country still to be fully imagined and invented.
Detective Sergeant James Connolly, from Paisley CID, said: "Barshaw Park is a popular park with local people and many dog walkers.
All players were presented with a plaque and the award winners were: Players' Player of the Year: Jack Patterson Player of the Year: Tom Brookfield Most Improved Player of the Year: James Connolly Player of the Tour to Wexford: Nathan McLaughlin The underage teams are training on Sunday evenings at 4pm.
Her proud parents are Yasmin Goodman and James Connolly NOAH Zak Long weighed in at 7lb 6oz when he was born on November 21, 2009.
Lloyd offers new interpretations of the Famine, James Connolly, Joyce, and-Beckett.