James Hargreaves

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Related to James Hargreaves: Samuel Crompton
James Hargreaves
BirthplaceKnuzden Brook, Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, England
Known for Spinning Jenny

Hargreaves, James

(här`grēvz), 1720?–1778, English engineer. In 1762 he made an unsuccessful attempt to develop a machine for carding, a process preparatory to spinningspinning,
the drawing out, twisting, and winding of fibers into a continuous thread or yarn. From antiquity until the Industrial Revolution, spinning was a household industry. The roughly carded fiber was at first held in one hand and drawn out and twisted by the other hand.
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, and in 1764 he invented the spinning jenny, which resulted in doubling production in the carding process.

Hargreaves, James


Date of birth unknown; died Apr. 22, 1778, in Nottingham. English inventor.

Hargreaves worked as a weaver in the town of Blackburn. In 1762 he constructed an improved carding machine. In 1765, Hargreaves invented a spinning mule that he called a jenny in honor of his daughter, and on June 22, 1770, he obtained a patent on the machine. Owing to the simplicity of its design and the low cost of its manufacture, Hargreaves’ machine was used widely.


Tseitlin, E. A. Ocherki istorii tekstil’noi tekhniki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tony Wilkinson, who will run the new James Hargreaves Plumbing depot in Huyton's Wilson Road.
It was through a local contact that we heard of James Hargreaves Plumbing Depot being keen to expand to this region, so we got in touch with them and things just snowballed.
James Hargreaves Bathrooms has its headquarters in Burnley, Lancashire, and the new showroom, which will also include a trade counter, is to become the firm's 24th branch across the North of England.
In the First Division Roy Wade Cup, Halewood Town progress after a narrow 4-3 win over NELTC, Steve Coyne and Danny Murphy amongst the goals for Halewood whilst for NELTC, James Hargreaves scored his 10th of the season.
James Hargreaves, 23, was arrested in Operation Hagley, a Cleveland Police operation targeting dealers in the town, Teesside Crown Court heard.
1778: James Hargreaves, British inventor of the spinning jenny.
Anniversaries: 1662: The Royal Society was incorporated; 1778: Death of James Hargreaves, inventor of the Spinning Jenny; 1834: St Helena became a Crown Colony; 1870: Birth of Russian Communist leader Lenin; 1915: Poison gas used for the first time by Germans when second Battle of Ypres began; 1969: Robin Knox-Johnston finished a 312-day non-stop voyage around the world in Falmouth; 1983: The pounds 1 coin introduced in Britain replacing the pounds 1 note.
James Hargreaves, 31, posed as a would-be buyer and was taken to view a house by the women.
27 column by retired Lane County Circuit Judge James Hargreaves suggesting Day and Washington County Circuit Judge Thomas Kohl be removed from office because of their religious beliefs.
James Hargreaves with all five for NELTC taking him to seven for the season.
Samantha Watson and James Hargreaves were asked to take part because of their work with the Make a Change team (MAC) in Middlesbrough.
Anniversaries: 80th: British forces raid on Zeebrugge; 90th: Death of statesman Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman; 165th: Birth of steam engineer Richard Tevithick; 210th: Birth of James Hargreaves, inventor of the spinning jenny.