James Henry Breasted

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Breasted, James Henry


Born Aug. 27, 1865, in Rockford; died Dec. 2, 1935, in New York. American Egyptologist.

In 1919, Breasted became the first director of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago. He carried out archaeological investigations in Egypt and Nubia and published a complete codex of ancient Egyptian historical documents in English translation (Ancient Records of Egypt, vols. 1-5, Chicago, 1906-07). Breasted’s views on history were of an idealistic and modernistic nature. He regarded ancient Egypt as a feudal state, and he ignored the class struggle.


In Russian translation:
Istoriia Egipta s drevneishikh vremen do persidskogo zavoevaniia, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1915.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1933 he was hired by James Henry Breasted, the famous founder of the Oriental Institute in Chicago, to join the extensive surveys and excavations carried out in the 1930s in the Amuq plain in northwestern Syria.
He characterizes our English as an "unmusikalische Sprache," and mockingly reports on the naive political views of the visiting son of James Henry Breasted, a lad whom he calls "Jimmy Breakfast.
See James Henry Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents (Chicago, 1906), 3: [section][section]587-88; 4: [section][section]42, 52, and 54.