James Keir Hardie

Hardie, James Keir

 

Born Aug. 15, 1856, in Legbrannock, Scotland; died Sept. 26, 1915, in Glasgow. Labor movement figure and reformer in Great Britain.

Hardie went to work in the mines at the age of ten, and in the 1870’s he joined the trade union movement. In the late 1880’s he concluded that it was necessary for the proletariat to be politically independent; however, he thought that this ought to be achieved strictly within the constitutional framework and thus rejected the class struggle. In 1888, Hardie founded the Scottish Labour Party, and in 1893, the Independent Labor Party (ILP). In 1892 he became the first person to be elected to Parliament as an Independent Labor candidate. After the creation of the Labour Party in 1900, in which the ILP was a collective member, Hardie became one of the leaders of the party. Hardie criticized the aggression of the British colonialists in the Boer War (1899–1902), and he was a pacificist at the outbreak of World War I. Later, however, Hardie allied himself with the social chauvinists.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vols. 38–39. (See Index of Names: Hardie.)
Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vols. 26, 28. (See Index of Names: Hardie.)
Vinogradov, V. N. U istokov leiboristskoi partii. Moscow, 1965. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
On July 4, 1892, the voters of West Ham South elected the first working-class MP to the House of Commons - James Keir Hardie - who went on to found the Labour Party.
1892: James Keir Hardie, standing in the general election at Holytown, Lanarkshire, became the first Socialist to win a seat in the British Parliament.
JAMES Keir Hardie who has been credited as the founder of the Labour Party in this country was a true socialist but even he would have stalled at some of the pronounced beliefs and associates of Jeremy Corbyn.
On them are the portraits of local and national union officials, not to mention famous national and international politicians, from James Keir Hardie, Clement Attlee and Nye Bevan.
ANSWERS: 1 The Lion King; 2 The carrot and parsnip; 3 A rope controlling the position of a sail; 4 XVIII; 5 Fiddler On The Roof; 6 Henry Tudor (the future Henry VII); 7 Fulham and West Brom; 8 The Isle of Man; 9 Charlton Heston; 10 James Keir Hardie.
Founding father of the Labour Party James Keir Hardie has been commemorated in the former constituency he represented.
Because of the miners' determination to stick together and fight for their rights, Marx, Vladimir Lenin and Socialist leader James Keir Hardie became their heroes.
James Keir Hardie and the new Labour Party (1900) did, and they fatally undermined the Communists.
Political giants like Wheatley, Bevan, Wilson, Kinnock, Smith and of course the daddy of them all, the father of the Labour Party, James Keir Hardie.
I didn't know at the time, but the person who exposed the harsh conditions at Lord Overtoun's plant was James Keir Hardie.