James Mill


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Mill, James

 

Born Apr. 6, 1773, in Northwater Bridge, Scotland; died June 23, 1836, in Kensington. British philosopher, historian, and economist. Father of John Stuart Mill.

James Mill graduated from the faculty of theology of Edinburgh University in 1798. He became a journalist. After the publication of the History of India (vols. 1–3, 1817–18), he obtained a position in the East India Company in London, where he worked for the rest of his life. He was greatly influenced by the utilitarianism of J. Bentham. In his main philosophical work, An Analysis of the Phenomena of the Human Mind (1829), Mill followed the doctrine of D. Hume, striving to reduce all meaning to feelings or experiences, among which he included sensations and “ideas.” He made extensive use of the principle of the association of ideas proposed by Hume and D. Hartley, considering association the basic operation of consciousness. In ethics he was a utilitarian, regarding the public good as the highest principle and the criterion of morality but as a good that could not be completely realized by human beings. He saw the source of personal happiness in devotion to the common good. Characteristic of his sociological views was his denial of the concept of natural law and his effort to explain the content and structure of all social institutions in terms of the principle of utility. An adherent of liberal bourgeois political views, Mill proposed partial improvements in the British constitutional system. He considered the “middle class”—that is, the industrial and commercial bourgeoisie—the true master of the state.

I. S. NARSKII

In the book Elements of Political Economy (1821), Mill emerges as a disciple of and a commentator on D. Ricardo’s teachings, which he considered a theoretical weapon in the struggle against the vestiges of feudalism in the economy. At the same time, he distorted and oversimplified Ricardo’s theory, ignoring its essence—the labor theory of value. Thus, he laid the foundation for the disintegration of the Ricardian school. Mill is famous as one of the authors of the apologistic wages-fund theory, according to which the total share of wages in the national income is determined by natural factors and does not depend on the results of the class struggle.

WORKS

The Principles of Toleration. London, 1837.
A Fragment on Mackintosh, new ed. London, 1870.

REFERENCES

Marx, K. “K kritike politicheskoi ekonomii.” In K. Marx and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 13.
Marx, K. “Teorii pribavochnoi stoimosti” (Das Kapital, vol. 4). Ibid., vol. 26.
Rozenberg, D. I. Istoriia politicheskoi ekonomii, part 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935. Pages 304–13.
Istoriia filosofii, vol. 3. [Moscow] 1943. Pages 456–59.
Bain, A. J. Mill. London, 1882.
Stephen, L. The English Utilitarians, vol. 2. New York, 1950.
Mill, John S. Autobiography. New York [1957].
References in periodicals archive ?
While sympathetic to the aspirations of the French people and enemies of aristocracy everywhere, neither Bentham nor James Mill was an enthusiast of the principles or practices of the revolutionary leaders.
At a BMC open meeting in Stretford former Wrexham member James Mills (Cardiff) finished fifth in his 1,500m in 3-50.
Artist James Mills and, below, one of his paintings
She is survived by her three children and their spouses, Nancy Manoog, Deborah and James Mills and John and Nicole Manoog.
We think this is of some concern and that it needs extra follow-up," said James Mills, M.
James Mills has moved from Ranks Hovis McDougall, where he was head of its commercial department, to assume the same role at Ginsters.
While worshipers still think sharing a drink with rats provides divine health miracles, disease ecologist James Mills of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says, "Personally, I wouldn't touch it.
Other Midland duos are Paul Turner and Dave Brown (Wolverhampton), Paul Carthy (Cannock) and Nathan Matthews (Rugeley), Perry Delgarno and Simon Mottram (both Shropshire), Mick Wright and James Mills (both Notts), Chris Peberdy and Rich Alexander (both Leicester), Paul Woodward and Paul Kaye (both Hereford), Tony Barker and Mark Godfrey (both Shakespeare), Leigh Hodgkinson and Lee Richmond (both Derbyshire), and Stu Dexter and Gary Walters (both Derbyshire).
James Mills, might be found, but he never was, Taber said.
James Mills (R-Gainesville) adding the words "In God We Trust" to the new design.
Gladys Calderon,(*) Noemi Pini,(*) Jorge Bolpe,([dagger]) Silvana Levis,(*) James Mills,([double dagger]) Elsa Segura,(*) Nadia Guthmann,([sections]) Gustavo Cantoni,([paragraph]) Jose Becker,(*) Ana Fonollat,(#) Carlos Ripoll,(**) Marcelo Bortman,([dagger][dagger]) Rosendo Benedetti,([double dagger][double dagger]) Marta Sabattini,([sections][sections]) and Delia Enria(*)
Patra is the parent of JMP-Newcor, which changed hands after former chairman and chief executive James Mills sold his majority interest in the firm to Patra.