James Nasmyth

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Nasmyth, James


Born Aug. 19, 1808, in Edinburgh; died May 7, 1890, in London. English machine builder.

Nasmyth received a classical school education; from 1829 to 1831 he studied under H. Maudslay. He established his own machine-building enterprise in Manchester (beginning in 1834). In 1839 he designed a steam hammer, for which he received a patent in 1842. He built shaping and milling machines for work on the side planes of nuts. In 1843 he traveled to St. Petersburg; he later supplied steam hammers and machine tools to Russia. He published a treatise in which he drew conclusions from his experience in designing metalworking machines (1841).

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No one has been more explicit about the importance of drawing to the practice of engineering than James Nasmyth.
His study is a model analysis of the business activities of a prominent industrial pioneer, James Nasmyth, which sharpens our understanding of Nasmyth and revises his reputation.
Early japanned tinware's forms were limited by handwork, but after 1842, when James Nasmyth adapted the steam hammer, presses operated with a precision previously unknown to tinplate workers.
Dr Chapman began by remarking that James Nasmyth (1808-1890) was in the tradition of Matthew Boulton, in whose former home this meeting was being held: an industrialist-turned-amateur astronomer.
This will be singularly appropriate, as James Nasmyth had historical links with Pendrell Hall through the Gaskell family who once owned the Hall.