James Young Simpson


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Simpson, James Young

 

Born June 7, 1811, in Bathgate, Scotland; died May 6, 1870, in Edinburgh. Scottish surgeon, obstetrician, and gynecologist.

Simpson graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 1832. In 1840 he was appointed to the university’s chair of midwifery. In 1846 he introduced the use of anesthetic ether in obstetric practice, and in 1847 he proposed the use of chloroform as an anesthetic. Simpson developed a method of prophylactic version (1850) and perfected several medical instruments, including the obstetrical forceps.

Simpson was a member and president (from 1847) of the Edinburgh Royal College of Physicians and an honorary member of many scientific societies in Europe and America. A medical center that includes a general hospital and a maternity hospital has been named in honor of Simpson in Edinburgh.

WORKS

Anaesthesia. Philadelphia, 1849.
Clinical Lectures on Diseases of Women. Philadelphia, 1863.

REFERENCES

Aleksandrov, L. P. Pamiati W. Morton’a i J. Simpson’a. Moscow, 1896.
Gordon, H. L. Sir J. Y. Simpson and Chloroform. London, 1897.

R. S. RABINOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Surgery became feasible and childbirth bearable (almost) thanks to the invention of anaesthetic - all thanks to dinner parties hosted by James Young Simpson, a professor of midwifery.
And the new sign, next to the Sir James Young Simpson monument, also displays the city council logo.
The first, William Smellie, was a Scottish man-midwife; the other, Sir James Young Simpson, Professor of Midwifery in Edinburgh, was most famous for discovering the anesthetic properties of chloroform in 1847.
James Young Simpson, who first used an aesthetics in medicine, was from Edinburgh and the city still specialises in softening pain.
The father of anaesthesia, James Young Simpson, was from Edinburgh and the city still specialises in softening pain.
And over there is the home of James Young Simpson, who invented chloroform, and the houses of Adam Smith the architect, the engineer James Watt, the novelist Sir Walter Scott and the philosopher David Hume.
James Young Simpson who "not only introduced anesthesia to obstetrics but almost single-handedly effected its use" (p.
James Young Simpson, professor of obstetrics (ob-STET-trix), or the care of pregnant women, in Edinburgh, Scotland, didn't agree.
CHLOROFORM/ ANAESTHETIC: James Young Simpson, a baker's son from Bathgate, first used chloroform as anaesthesia during childbirth to relieve pain.
Named after James Young Simpson, the inventor of chloroform, it opened in 1935.
Like every child in the expanding Wester Inch community, Baillie will automatically gain a place at the school - which is named after Lothian legend James Young Simpson who started the first truly commercial oil-works in the world at Bathgate.
SIR JAMES YOUNG SIMPSON, was celebrated for for his ground-breaking work with chloroform.