Jammu and Kashmir

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Jammu and Kashmir:

see KashmirKashmir
, region and former princely state, 85,714 sq mi (222,236 sq km), NW India, NE Pakistan, and SW China. Kashmir is bordered on the west by Pakistan, on the south by India, and on the north and east by China.
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Jammu and Kashmir

 

(Kashmir), a territory in South Asia. Area, 222,000 sq km. Population approximately 5 million. Under the Indian constitution, Jammu and Kashmir is a state in the Republic of India. The chief city is Srinagar. A part of Jammu and Kashmir is controlled by the government of Pakistan.

Natural features. The territory of Jammu and Kashmir is crossed from northwest to southeast by high mountain ridges that are part of the Karakoram Range and the western Himalayas. There are glaciers, and on the slopes there are coniferous and broad-leaved forests. In the northeast the climate is mountain subtropical, which is dry with below-freezing winters. The southwest is monsoonal and warm. The important rivers are the Indus, with its tributary the Gilgit, and the Jhelum. The best developed and economically the most important area is the fertile Vale of Kashmir, located in the southwest at an elevation of approximately 1,600 m, between the Pir Panjal Range and the Great Himalayas.

Economy. More than 80 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture. The sown area totals approximately 700,000 hectares (ha), of which 312,000 ha are irrigated. Concentrated in the Vale of Kashmir is one-third of all the arable land and most of the staple crops—rice (area sown, 239,000 ha; yield in 1968-69, 487,000 tons), wheat (200,000 ha sown; 210,000 tons), and corn (241,000 ha sown; 222,000 tons). Market gardens, orchards (walnuts, almonds, apples, pears, peaches, and other fruits), and plantations of medicinal herbs are of commercial importance. The range breeding of sheep (1.2 million head), goat raising (600,000 head), cattle raising (1.8 million head), and buffalo raising (400,000 head in 1966) also play an important part in the economy. A traditional occupation is the raising of silkworms.

The principal export from Jammu and Kashmir to other areas of the country is timber. Resin is collected in the forests, and fur resources are exploited (otters and leopards). Hydroelectric power resources are estimated at 6.6 million kilowatts, with a total power station capacity of approximately 44,000 kilowatts (1969). There is extensive cottage industry producing rugs, shawls, embroidery, jewelry, and items made of wood, papier-mâhe, and leather. There are silk-reeling and woolen mills, woodworking and machine shops, and leather and rug workshops in Jammu and Kashmir.

The mild climate and scenic landscapes of the Vale of Kashmir have won it fame as an international tourist attraction.

G. V. SDASIUK

Jammu and Kashmir

the official name for the part of Kashmir under Indian control
References in periodicals archive ?
Jammu Kashmir people by observing the day will renew the resolve this year too to continue the ongoing struggle for freedom of occupied Jammu Kashmir from the Indian clutches till the achievement of the last victory coupled with the heartfelt aspirations for the early peaceful settlement of Kashmir dispute through a tripartite composite dialogue between Pakistan, India and people of Jammu and Kashmir.
We demand the United Nations and the Indian government that the security forces be withdrawn from the valley," Nisar Ahmad, an Activist Jammu Kashmir Peoples Freedom League told media on the sidelines of the protest.
Protest rallies and processions - besides public congregations will be the hallmark of the black day in all small and major towns at either side of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir state i-e Azad Jammu Kashmir and Indian held Kashmir to express complete dissociation from India besides to apprise the world of the continued Indian brutalities unleashed against the innocent Jammu Kashmir fighting against the forcible Indian rule and to get the motherland to free from the Indian clutches.
Special ceremonies will be held in all districts of Azad Jammu Kashmir to celebrate the day with simplicity.
Senior police officers of the district will directly conduct the surprise checking of the vehicles entering this district at Mangla the busiest gate way to Azad Jammu Kashmir.
Process of elections to the office bearers of the AJKCCI for next one year constitutional term completed after the nomination papers for the three top slots of the Azad Jammu Kashmir Chamber of Commerce and Industry were filed by the aforesaid single candidates each by the stipulated time frame in line with the official notification of the AJKCCI issued in accordance with the rules specified in memorandum and Article of Association of the Chamber, Secretary AJKCCI Ch.
The AJK government is already working to turn Azad Jammu Kashmir a complete welfare society and a model state, the sources said that the government was functioning under the missionary zeal under the spirit to raise the life style of the common man.
They demanded on this occasion that Kashmir issue should be settled in line with the recognized United Nations which clearly spoke of the early grant of the birth right of self determination to Jammu Kashmir people.
Mughal asserted and added that since over last 26 years, the liberation movement had attained momentum after the population of Indian held Jammu Kashmir stood up launching their indigenous struggle against the long subjugation over their homeland.
Srinagar -- The Jammu Kashmir liberation front (JKLF) chairman Yasin Malik has said that the issues and conflicts could only be resolved through dialogue institution, but the way this process has been turned it has created doubts in the minds of common people and people of Jammu Kashmir have lost faith in this institution.
MIRPUR -- Azad Jammu Kashmir Prime Minister on Saturday distributed the relief cheques among affectees of frequent unprovoked Indian firing at the Line of Control (LoC) in Nikayal sector in Kotli district.
Wani, who also represents the World Muslim Congress, said that Jammu Kashmir is a UN recognized disputed territory and its in responsibility of United Nations to take note of the human rights of the inhabitants of that territory.
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