Jan Neruda


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Neruda, Jan

 

Born July 9, 1834, in Prague; died there Aug. 22, 1891. Czech writer. Studied law and philosophy at the University of Prague from 1853. Editor of a number of literary journals.

Neruda’s civic-minded, philosophical, and highly personal poems are marked by a sense of the inseparability of the fate of the poet and his homeland and by a natural simplicity, as can be seen in his collections, including Books of Poetry (1868), Cosmic Songs (1878), and Good Friday Songs (published 1896). Neruda showed himself to be an outstanding master of prose writing in the collections Arabesques (1864), Different People (1871), and Tales of the Little Quarter (1878), in which he ridiculed philistinism and expressed a profound sympathy for the “little people.” His prose style closely resembles that of Gogol and Dickens. The life of seasonal construction workers is depicted in Neruda’s novella The Vagabonds (1872). His democratic views on social questions were voiced in his literary criticism, as well as in numerous essays, articles, and feuilletons on Bohemia’s cultural and social life from the 1850’s to the 1880’s; these works, like his fiction works, greatly influenced the development of Czech realism.

WORKS

Sebrané spisy, vols. 1–41—. Prague, 1950–73—.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Solov’eva, A. P. Ian Neruda i utverzhdenie realizma v cheshskoi literature. Moscow, 1973.
Novotný, J. Život J. Nerudy, vols. 1–4. Prague, 1951–56.
Budin, S. Jan Neruda a jeho doba. Prague, 1960.
Králik, O. KřiŽovatky Nerudovy poesie. Prague, 1965.
Haman, A. Neruda prozaik. Prague, 1968.

A. P. SOLOV’EVA

References in periodicals archive ?
He started writing poetry at 10, and when he was 16, he changed his name to Pablo Neruda, probably after the Czech writer Jan Neruda.
But Jan Neruda had just brought out his Hrbitovni kviti (Graveyard Flowers) the previous year, and Vitezslav Halek was working on his Vecerni pisne (Evening Songs; 1858-59), similarly influenced by Heine.
You zoom in on the wings of Daniela Hodrova's prologue, share a nightmarish walk with Franz Kafka and something worse than a doppelganger, join Jan Neruda (and his readers of 1886) as he tackles his mattress.
I had an advantage attending the Jan Neruda music Gymnasium (high school) in Prague, because while it is basically a conservatory, students have normal subjects like mathematics or chemistry in the curriculum as well as music subjects.