Jan Neruda


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Neruda, Jan

 

Born July 9, 1834, in Prague; died there Aug. 22, 1891. Czech writer. Studied law and philosophy at the University of Prague from 1853. Editor of a number of literary journals.

Neruda’s civic-minded, philosophical, and highly personal poems are marked by a sense of the inseparability of the fate of the poet and his homeland and by a natural simplicity, as can be seen in his collections, including Books of Poetry (1868), Cosmic Songs (1878), and Good Friday Songs (published 1896). Neruda showed himself to be an outstanding master of prose writing in the collections Arabesques (1864), Different People (1871), and Tales of the Little Quarter (1878), in which he ridiculed philistinism and expressed a profound sympathy for the “little people.” His prose style closely resembles that of Gogol and Dickens. The life of seasonal construction workers is depicted in Neruda’s novella The Vagabonds (1872). His democratic views on social questions were voiced in his literary criticism, as well as in numerous essays, articles, and feuilletons on Bohemia’s cultural and social life from the 1850’s to the 1880’s; these works, like his fiction works, greatly influenced the development of Czech realism.

WORKS

Sebrané spisy, vols. 1–41—. Prague, 1950–73—.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Solov’eva, A. P. Ian Neruda i utverzhdenie realizma v cheshskoi literature. Moscow, 1973.
Novotný, J. Život J. Nerudy, vols. 1–4. Prague, 1951–56.
Budin, S. Jan Neruda a jeho doba. Prague, 1960.
Králik, O. KřiŽovatky Nerudovy poesie. Prague, 1965.
Haman, A. Neruda prozaik. Prague, 1968.

A. P. SOLOV’EVA

References in periodicals archive ?
He started writing poetry at 10, and when he was 16, he changed his name to Pablo Neruda, probably after the Czech writer Jan Neruda.
The realist Jan Neruda (after whom a certain Chilean poet would rename himself) also makes an appearance, soliciting a story for her May magazine.
Pablo Neruda took his nom de plume from the name of Jan Neruda
I had an advantage attending the Jan Neruda music Gymnasium (high school) in Prague, because while it is basically a conservatory, students have normal subjects like mathematics or chemistry in the curriculum as well as music subjects.
Poetas romanticos y patrioticos como Jan Neruda en Checoslovaquia, Alexander Pushkin en Rusia, Adam Mickiewicz en Polonia, Victor Hugo en Francia, acaso Espronceda en Espana (NC, "Introduccion" p.
Kampa esta junto al rio, es una isla rodeada por un canal, pertenece al barrio de la Mala Strana y en sus tabernas, Jan Neruda obtuvo la inspiracion para escribir sus memorables cuentos y de el tomo su apellido el famoso poeta chileno Ricardo Neftali Reyes Basoalto (Pablo Neruda).
You zoom in on the wings of Daniela Hodrova's prologue, share a nightmarish walk with Franz Kafka and something worse than a doppelganger, join Jan Neruda (and his readers of 1886) as he tackles his mattress.