Jan de Witt

Witt, Jan de

 

Born Sept. 24, 1625, in Dordrecht; died Aug. 20, 1672, in The Hague. Dutch statesman; in effect ruler of the Republic of the United Provinces (of the Netherlands) from 1650 to 1672. From 1653, grand pensionary of the province of Holland.

De Witt represented the interests of the Dutch merchant oligarchy and followed a policy aimed at barring the princes of the House of Orange from governing the country and of securing the hegemony of the province of Holland in the republic. In the wars against England and Portugal and later against the Anglo-French-Swedish coalition (1672), he strove to defend Dutch commercial and colonial positions. Military setbacks and the invasion of the country by French forces in 1672 (Dutch War of 1672-78) led to a popular uprising in The Hague (largely provoked and utilized by the political opponents of De Witt—the Orangists) during which De Witt was murdered.

A. N. CHISTOZVONOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Mikhail Youzhny looks on the short side for his clash with 2-1 chance Viktor Troicki, who will also be keen to impress having recently ditched longterm coach Jan de Witt.
Beginning with the second half of the seventeenth century and ending with the early twentieth, contributors (who work in economics and other fields in Europe and North America) discuss the contributions of Jacob Bernoulli, Isaac Le Maire, Joseph de la Vega, Jan de Witt, Edmond Halley, Abraham de Moivre, Thomas Simpson, John Law, Emmanuel-Etienne Duvillard, Henri Lefevre, Jules Regnault, Louis Bachelier, and Vincenz Bronzin.
The ambitions of the aristocrat had to find common ground with the closely-held customs and laws of each province, and astute patronage enabled him to do this, attracting the admiration of even Jan De Witt, who was not in the habit of praising the political acumen of the aristocracy.