Jânio Quadros

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Quadros, Jânio

 

Born Jan. 25, 1917, in the city of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso. Brazilian statesman and politician. The son of an office worker.

Quadros graduated from the law school of the University of São Paulo in 1939. He became a member of the São Paulo municipal government in 1947, a deputy to the state legislature in 1950, and mayor in 1953. From 1954 to 1958 he was governor of the state of São Paulo, and from 1958 to 1960 he was a deputy to the federal congress. In January 1961 he became president of Brazil.

The Quadros presidency, which was marked by a course of independent foreign policy and economic development, lasted only 204 days. In August 1961 reactionary forces succeeded in forcing Quadros to resign. After the reactionary military coup of 1964, Quadros was deprived of his political rights for a term of ten years.

References in periodicals archive ?
Because of his achievements as a player, in 1961 he was declared a national treasure by Brazil's President Janio Quadros.
Cabe lembrar que Goulart foi ministro do trabalho durante o Governo Vargas (quando ganhou projecao nacional), deputado federal pelo Rio Grande do Sul, vice-presidente de Juscelino Kubitschek e de Janio Quadros e, por fim, presidente da Republica.
Essa mesma orientacao o levou a concordar, embora contrariado, com a adocao do parlamentarismo, em 1961, quando da renuncia do presidente Janio Quadros.
Contudo, o Congresso aceitou a renuncia de Janio Quadros, e os ministros militares ja comecaram a organizar e tramar para que a Constituicao nao fosse cumprida e Goulart nao tomasse posse.
No dia 25 de agosto de 1961, na solenidade em comemoracao ao Dia do Soldado, o General Jose Machado Lopes, comandante do III Exercito, o maior contingente militar do pais, e o Governador do RS, Leonel Brizola, recebem quase que simultaneamente a noticia da renuncia do presidente Janio Quadros.
In August 1961, conservative President Janio Quadros of Brazil abruptly resigned from office after serving only seven months.
Ousted short-term President Janio Quadros of Brazil in 1962 at a vacation resort near Santos, where the military had just banished him that day.
The dominoes began falling in Latin America to Soviet-backed thugs and terrorists: Romulo Betancourt in Venezuela, Cheddi Jagan in British Guiana, Juan Bosch in the Dominican Republic, Juan Jose Arevalo in Guatemala, Janio Quadros and Joao Goulart in Brazil, Victor Paz Estenssoro in Bolivia, Salvador Allende in Chile, Omar Torrijos in Panama, Maurice Bishop in Grenada, and the Sandinistas in Nicaragua.
Raymundo Campos, autor do livro Historia do Brasil, de 1983, (14) por exemplo, destinado ao Ensino Medio, afirma que "na manha de 25 de agosto de 1961, em carta ao Congresso Nacional, Janio Quadros renunciava ao seu mandato.
Porem, em alguns momentos, percebemos que algumas obras citam os conflitos politicos de 1961-1964, sem se referir a renuncia de Janio Quadros como o inicio da crise politica.
Political campaign made by voters: the popular engagement in the Janio Quadros voting campaign (1959-1960)
Lorsque l'electeur fait la propagande politique : l'implication populaire dans la campagne electorale de Janio Quadros (1959-1960)