Janusz Korczak


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Janusz Korczak
Birthday
BirthplaceWarsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire
Occupation
Children's author, humanitarian, pediatrician and child pedagogue

Korczak, Janusz

 

(pseudonym of Henryk Goldszmidt). Born July 22, 1878, in Warsaw; died August 1942. Polish writer, educator, and physician.

After graduating from the Institute of Medicine in Warsaw in 1903, Korczak worked in a children’s hospital for eight years. In 1911 he founded in Warsaw a new type of orphans’ home with funds provided by philanthropists, and also organized the boarding school called Our Home. Korczak lectured in the Higher Pedagogical School and assisted in legal cases involving juvenile delinquents. He began to publish in 1898.

Korczak’s novellas Children of the Streets (1901), Mośki, Joski, and Sruli (1910), and King Maciut the First (1923), his play Senate of Madmen (1931), his speeches and articles (written between 1900 and 1939), and his diary (covering 1942) introduce the reader to the world of the child’s psychology, contain precise observations on life in bourgeois Poland, and impart the rich experience of a physician and teacher. The main principles of Korczak’s educational system are expounded in his How to Love Children (1914). The second part of the book, The Boarding School, was published in the USSR in 1922 with a foreword by N. K. Krupskaia. His pedagogical work stressed the development of self-knowledge, self-control, and self-direction, both in individual pupils and in children’s groups. During the occupation of Poland by fascist Germany, Korczak heroically fought for the lives of the children in the Warsaw ghetto and perished in the gas chambers of Treblinka together with 200 of his pupils.

WORKS

Wyborpism, vols. 1–4. Warsaw, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. pedagogicheskie proizvedeniia. Moscow, 1966. (With a foreword by M. F. Shabaeva.)
Kogda ia snova stany malen’kim. Povesti. Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Moitlis, E. L. lanush Korchak. Sovetskaia pedagogika. 1958, no. 8.
Mortkowicz-Olczakowa, H. J. Korczak, 2nd ed. Warsaw, 1961.

S. IA. GEL’TSER and E. L. MOITLIS

References in periodicals archive ?
Only when Aron moves into an orphanage run by Janusz Korczak, a doctor and children's rights activist, does he find both healing and a higher social purpose.
Screenplays that were considered by the Soviet censors to be too Jewish, like Mikhail Kalik's 1966 King Matt and the Old Doctor, inspired by the writings and life of Janusz Korczak, were simply "buried" and thus became phantoms, as were screenplays that did not deal sufficiently with heroic resistance to German occupation.
Adapted by Russian poet-teacher Marya Deykute from a 1926 Polish children's book by Jewish physician and educator Janusz Korczak - with a score by JMTE co-founding composer and director Leo Loginov-Katz, "King Matiusz I" focuses on the adventures and challenges of the title hero, who becomes king upon the death of his father.
Janusz Korczak (YAH-noosh KOR-chak), a Jewish professor and author who runs an orphanage in the ghetto
Other awards over the years include the Janusz Korczak Medal, the Silver Pencil Award, the Scott O'Dell Award for Historical Fiction, the Phoenix Award, and the Hans Christian Andersen Medal.
This set of beliefs, in relation to education, also is influenced by the spiritual mentor of Israeli education, Janusz Korczak, a Polish medical doctor and educator at the time of the German invasion of Poland.
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The second concept was grounded in the pedagogical theory of Janusz Korczak and Jozef Czeslaw Bobicki.
Though generally unknown to the public at large, the name of Janusz Korczak evokes the image of author-educator-socialworker-saint in wide circles in Israel and Poland.
Miss Pola, who had been a student of Janusz Korczak, hit the right string, gave me homework for life, and so I still write about those who did not make it.