Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile

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Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile

(āmēl` zhäk-dälkrōz`), 1865–1950, Swiss educator and composer, b. Vienna, studied at the Geneva Conservatory, at the Paris Conservatory with Léo Delibes, and in Vienna with Anton Bruckner. From 1892 to 1909 he taught at the Geneva Conservatory, where he developed his system of eurythmicseurythmics
or eurhythmics
, harmonious bodily movement, especially as expressed according to the system of Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, who developed eurythmics (1903) at the Geneva Conservatory of Music in an effort to overcome the rhythmic difficulties of his
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 as an aid to his own teaching. After successful demonstrations of his method he established (1910–14) the Jaques-Dalcroze School at Hellerau, near Dresden. In 1915 the Institut Jaques-Dalcroze was opened at Geneva. Jaques-Dalcroze also composed music and wrote several books, including an autobiography (1942).