Jatra

Jatra

 

a musical and dance presentation in India (Bengal and Orissa). It emerged in remote antiquity out of the shepherds’ plays and religious processions of the cult of Vishnu-Krishna. Jatra incorporates dance, pantomime, speech, and instrumental and vocal music; singing predominates. Jatra emerged as a literary genre in the 16th and 17th centuries. Of the dramatists and composers who created jatras, the most famous is K. Gosvami (1810-88), author of Meeting With Bharata, Nimai Saniasa, Svapnavilasa, and Ray Unmadini. At the turn of the 20th century the jatra was enriched by the incorporation of new themes, using historical figures and fighters for national liberation as heroes (Shahjahan by Ghosh and Mir Qasim by Roy). Jatra is performed by youths and men. The orchestra includes folk percussion and wind musical instruments and a small portable harmonium. The main singer, the vivek, provides the commentary, explaining the course of the action of the drama to the audience.

Jatra influenced the creative work of many Indian dramatists. R. Tagore, G. Ghosh, and D. Roy wrote works in the style ofjatra. Many texts were composed by A. Ta-gore. Individuals involved in the contemporary Indian theater are making attempts to use some of the elements ofjatrain professional theater. Sisir Kumar Bhaduri was one of the outstanding Indian actors who performed in jatra.

M. P. BABKINA

References in periodicals archive ?
local time) Saturday when hundreds of devotees were watching a jatra (open air drama) show arranged on the occasion of traditional Rash Mela (fair) on the premises of Kantajew Temple in Dinajpur district, some 338 km northwest of capital Dhaka.
Incidentally,the original song Ye go ye ye maina from a 2006 Marathi film titled Jatra was also composed by the same composer duo.
Pyne in his initial days had drawn illustrations for children's books, painted posters for Jatra (a local theatre form of Bengal).
During the mandei jatra, "the great meeting of gods," hundreds of gods from neighbouring villages and mountains come together.
A further aspect of the visual intertextualization of Shakespeare in Maqbool is the use jatra performances, a popular form of folk theatre in the eastern region of India (see, e.
Nevada (US), June 30 (ANI): Esteemed Hindu statesman Rajan Zed, sending Ratha Jatra festival greetings to one billion Hindus of the world, has urged them to focus on the 'welfare of others' and 'act selflessly' as pointed out by Lord Krishna in Bhagavad-Gita.
Bangladeshi top brands and designers like Shirin Karim, Mansha, Rumana, Anika Osman, Sadakalo, Nogordola, Bibiana, Jatra, Rowshan Chowdhury, Ivy Hasan, Mohsena Kureshi, and Peter England all showed off their new designs which after this past year, have wowed viewers.
They include English actresses in India 1789-1842, the coming of the Indian actress 1872-1910, actresses in the jatra space, emerging gender codes and the women dancer, the body and the women dancer, and the commodification of dance and the traditional dancing of women.
Earlier the celebration of Indra Jatra - the festival of the rain god - was marred on Thursday as violence erupted in the capital over the new government's decision to appoint Indian priests at the revered Hindu temple of Pashupatinath.
Watch one of the rare jatra performances at the jatra festival which is held in Kolkata every winter.