Jean Bodin


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Bodin, Jean

 

Born 1530, in Angers; died 1596, in Laon. French political thinker, theoretician of natural law, and jurist.

Bodin studied law in Toulouse and then moved to Paris. In 1576 he was a deputy from the Third Estate to the Estates General, meeting in Blois. In his book A Method for the Easy Study of History (1566) he asserted that society is formed by the social environment and represents the sum total of blood-relationships and economic alliances. Progress is achieved in society, whereas in nature there is merely a cyclical rotation. In his major work, Six Books Concerning a Republic (1576), he introduced the concept of constitutional monarchy and the principle of the indivisibility of state sovereignty by denying the divine origin of a monarch’s authority. He also defended religious tolerance. He acknowledged the people’s right to kill a tyrant. Bodin saw the cause of political revolutions in the inequality of property. In his work An Answer to the Paradoxes of M. Malestroict . . . (1568) he set forth his economic views, defending the necessity for freedom of trade. Bodin had an influence on the formulation of the quantitative theory of money. In his work A Dialogue Between Seven Men (1593, published posthumously) he defended the idea of natural religion.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 3. Page 314.
Istoriia filosofii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1941. Pages 75–77.
Kogan-Bernshtein, F. A. “Ekonomicheskie vzgliady Bodena.” In the collection Srednie veka, issue 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
Chauviré, R. Jean Bodin, auteur de la “République.” Paris, 1916.
Kamp, M. E. Die Staatswirtschaftslehre J. Boden. Bonn, 1949.

G. L. ZEL’MANOVA

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The notion of sovereignty was introduced in the political science by the French Jean Bodin in his famous work 'De la Republique' (1577).
The first important writer to address sovereignty was Jean Bodin, a French jurist of the late 16th century.
beaucoup moins que]Il n'est de richesse que d'hommes[beaucoup plus grand que] ecrivait Jean Bodin, au XVIe siecle.
Schiffman (history, Northeastern Illinois U) surveys the development of the concept of history and historical thinking in the West focusing on thinkers of ancient Greece, early Christianity, the Renaissance, and the Enlightenment, such as Herodotus, Petrarch, Jean Bodin, Montaigne, Lorenzo Valla, and especially Montesquieu.
Una a fost cea a lui Thomas Morus, Utopia, ce reprezenta, de fapt, o descriere a unei tari imaginare, iar cea de a doua, a fost cea a lui Jean Bodin si anume, Republica.
Rabkin traced the origin of the concept of sovereignty to the 16th century French jurist Jean Bodin who in his work, Six Books of the Republic, "set out an understanding of sovereignty whereby the King of France represented an independent political authority rather than owing allegiance to the Holy Roman Emperor or to the Pope.
Some highlights include an analysis of the relevant theories of Francis Bacon ("knowledge is power"), of the lesser-known 16th-century thinker Jean Bodin ("a modern theory of toleration"), and the historical connection between science and vocation.
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They were the brain child of Western political theorists of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries (especially Jean Bodin and Thomas Hobbes), as a solution to the problem of violent religious struggle.
Gordon associates this use of sovereignty most strongly with Jean Bodin, in the assertion that a position of sovereignty exists in every state.