Jean Dauberval


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Dauberval, Jean

 

(real surname, Bercher). Born Aug. 19, 1742, in Montpellier; died Feb. 14, 1806, in Tours. French ballet dancer and choreographer.

A student of J. G. Noverre, Dauberval made his debut in 1761 at the Paris Opera. In 1770 he became its principal dancer and in 1773, its ballet master. From 1785 to 1791 he worked in Bordeaux (with short interruptions). An innovator, Dauberval continued the teachings of Noverre and developed the principles of expressive ballet d’action, subjecting all the resources of dance to a single idea. The common people became the heroes for the first time in his ballets. He made extensive use of folk dances in his stagings. Dauberval’s creative work embodied the democratic trends of the art of the period of the French Revolution. His ballets were very popular. Among the ballets he staged was La Fille mal gardée, to music by various composers (1789), which is still retained in the repertoire of ballet companies. The outstanding dancers and choreographers C. Blasis, S. Vigano, and C. Didelot were students of Dauberval.

REFERENCE

Slonimskii, Iu. Tshchetnaia predostrozhnost’. Leningrad, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
La Fille Mal Gardee, a liberetto by Jean Dauberval on November 16 and 18 and Prince Igor by Alexander Borodin premiere on December 16 (until December 23).
Although first produced and choreographed in the 18th century by Jean Dauberval, it is Frederick Ashton's 1960s version for the Royal Ballet, set to the score of Ferdinand HArold as adapted by John Lanchbery, which is known and loved around the world today.
Based on the Russian Ballet version by Jean Dauberval and set to music by Peter Ludwig, La Fille Mal Gardee is a comic ballet that tells the story of a pushy mum's determination to find a rich husband for her daughter.