Jean Dubuffet


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Dubuffet, Jean

(zhäN dübüfā`), 1901–85, French painter and sculptor. Rejecting academic art training, Dubuffet divided his time during the 1920s and 30s between art and the wine business. In 1942 he turned solely to his artistic career. He created primitive, childlike, and humorous effects savagely opposed to established taste. For many works he prepared a thick impasto of materials such as asphalt, pebbles, and glass to enrich the surface texture of his paintings. Among his later works are numerous large, white, crudely representational sculptures with heavily outlined colored edges and facets. The Museum of Modern Art, New York City, has Dubuffet's Cow with the Subtile Nose and Beard of Uncertain Returns in its collection. Dubuffet also championed what he called art brut [Fr.,=raw, or crude, art], works of art by the insane and others outside the mainstream of the art world that he believed were authentically creative. He established a large collection of these, and contributed to the later recognition of outsider art.

Bibliography

See studies by P. Selz (1962) and M. Loreau (tr. 1973); V. Rousseau et al., Art Brut in America (museum catalog, 2016).

References in periodicals archive ?
French painter Jean Dubuffet, with whom Ossorio formed a friendship based on the admiration each had for the other's work, tells us in an essay that he finds in such works by Ossorio that "Ossorio impresses a new and enthralling orientation upon Christian spirituality.
Works by Henry Moore, Damien Hirst, Dale Chihuly, Jean Dubuffet, Joan Miro, Antony Gormley and this wonderful Sky Mirror by Anich Kapoor (left) are all for sale at fixed prices.
After the First World War, inventiveness more than invention took hold, with plenty of collage work by Max Ernst and assemblages by Marcel Duchamp, and later the art brut chicken scratch of Jean Dubuffet.
The Art Brut movement was conceived by Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985), a French painter who began his research in Switzerland in 1945.
Picasso, Natisse and Miro, as well as Jean Dubuffet, Eduardo Chillida and Nicholas de Stael are among the School of Paris artists he collected as well as the principal exponents of British Vorticism - Nevinson, Bomberg and Wadsworth.
Her electronic chapbook, Improvisations on Titles of Works by Jean Dubuffet, appears on the Mudlark website.
Thus, the "automatisation" and "defamiliarisation" of Chklovski [sic] focuses the discussion of the relationship between Simon and the painter with who he has felt the closest affinity, Jean Dubuffet.
Myatt faked the works of Ben Nicholson, Marc Chagall, Alberto Giacometti, Jean Dubuffet, Oscar Schlemmer and Graham Sutherland.
Among the artists allegedly copied were Ben Nicholson, Marc Chagall, Alberto Giacometti, Jean Dubuffet, Roger Bussiere, Oscar Schlemmer, Nicholas de Stall and Graham Sutherland.
For a time the black humor and mocking flavor of his earlier work did persist, but gradually he became more philosophical, gravitating toward a style vaguely brut, along the lines of Jean Dubuffet, the French artist whom Segui came to know personally and admire.
Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985), like Daumier, created portraits with brutal honesty and directness.
He has held interests in works by Georg Baselitz, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Saul Bellows, William Merritt Chase, Jean Dubuffet, Alberto Giacometti, Keith Haring, Childe Hassam, Anselm Kiefer, Takashi Murakami, Maurice Prendergast, John Singer Sargent, among others.