Jean François Chalgrin
Chalgrin, Jean François
Born 1739 in Paris; died there Jan. 21, 1811. French architect.
Chalgrin studied under G. N. Servandoni and L. P. Moreau-Desproux. He visited Rome in 1758. Chalgrin’s early structures, which are in the classical style, include several hôtels built in the 1760’s and the Church of St. Philippe-du-Roule (1769–84). His masterpiece is the Arc de Triomphe on the Place de l’Etoile (now Place De Gaulle) in Paris (1806–37). Instead of copying classical triumphal arches, Chalgrin created an original composition: a rectangular mass cut through with a monumental passage.